Neuromusculoskeletal modeling: estimation of muscle forces and joint moments and movements from measurements of neural command.

@article{Buchanan2004NeuromusculoskeletalME,
  title={Neuromusculoskeletal modeling: estimation of muscle forces and joint moments and movements from measurements of neural command.},
  author={Thomas S. Buchanan and David G Lloyd and Kurt Manal and Thor F. Besier},
  journal={Journal of applied biomechanics},
  year={2004},
  volume={20 4},
  pages={367-95}
}
This paper provides an overview of forward dynamic neuromusculoskeletal modeling. The aim of such models is to estimate or predict muscle forces, joint moments, and/or joint kinematics from neural signals. This is a four-step process. In the first step, muscle activation dynamics govern the transformation from the neural signal to a measure of muscle activation-a time varying parameter between 0 and 1. In the second step, muscle contraction dynamics characterize how muscle activations are… CONTINUE READING
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