Neuromuscular electrostimulation techniques: historical aspects and current possibilities in treatment of pain and muscle waisting.

@article{Heidland2013NeuromuscularET,
  title={Neuromuscular electrostimulation techniques: historical aspects and current possibilities in treatment of pain and muscle waisting.},
  author={August Heidland and Gholamreza Fazeli and Andr{\'e} Klassen and Katar{\'i}na {\vS}ebekov{\'a} and H M Hennemann and Udo Bahner and Biagio Di Iorio},
  journal={Clinical nephrology},
  year={2013},
  volume={79 Suppl 1},
  pages={
          S12-23
        }
}
Application of electricity for pain treatment dates back to thousands of years BC. The Ancient Egyptians and later the Greeks and Romans recognized that electrical fishes are capable of generating electric shocks for relief of pain. In the 18th and 19th centuries these natural producers of electricity were replaced by man-made electrical devices. This happened in following phases. The first was the application of static electrical currents (called Franklinism), which was produced by a friction… 
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