Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation for Motor Restoration in Hemiplegia.

  title={Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation for Motor Restoration in Hemiplegia.},
  author={Jayme S. Knutson and Michael J. Fu and Lynne R Sheffler and John Chae},
  journal={Physical medicine and rehabilitation clinics of North America},
  volume={26 4},
This article reviews the most common therapeutic and neuroprosthetic applications of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for upper and lower extremity stroke rehabilitation. Fundamental NMES principles and purposes in stroke rehabilitation are explained. NMES modalities used for upper and lower limb rehabilitation are described, and efficacy studies are summarized. The evidence for peripheral and central mechanisms of action is also summarized. 


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