Neuromotor development of cocaine-exposed and control infants from birth through 15 months: poor and poorer performance.

@article{Fetters1996NeuromotorDO,
  title={Neuromotor development of cocaine-exposed and control infants from birth through 15 months: poor and poorer performance.},
  author={Linda K. Fetters and E. Z. Tronick},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={1996},
  volume={98 5},
  pages={
          938-43
        }
}
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to describe the longitudinal course of motor development of a group of infants exposed to cocaine in utero and an unexposed control group. METHODS Subjects included 28 in utero-exposed infants and 22 unexposed infants matched for race, income of the family, and mother's educational level. Infants were evaluated at 1 month with the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), at 4 months with the AIMS and Movement Assessment of Infants (MAI), at 7 months with the… 
Motor Development of Cocaine-exposed Children at Age Two Years
TLDR
Findings indicate that deficiencies in motor development remain detectable at 2 years of age in children exposed to drugs prenatally, Although other environmental variables may influence motor development,Children exposed to cocaine and to alcohol in utero may encounter developmental challenges that impede later achievement.
Predictors of motor development in children prenatally exposed to cocaine.
Motor Development of Cocaine Exposed Children at Age Two Years 1200
TLDR
Investigation of effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on motor development of young children from a predominately underprivileged, urban population indicates that deficiencies in motor development remain detectable at 2 years of age in children exposed to drugs prenatally.
Trajectories of Motor Development
The motor development of in utero polydrug exposed and unexposed infants was longitudinally studied at 1, 4, 7 and 15 months using a combination of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), Movement
Children with in utero cocaine exposure do not differ from control subjects on intelligence testing.
TLDR
In an inner-city cohort, IQ scores did not differ between cocaine-exposed and control children, however, both groups performed poorly.
Children Prenatally Exposed to Cocaine: Developmental Outcomes and Environmental Risks at Seven Years of Age
TLDR
The results indicate that although prenatal cocaine exposure may confer some degree of developmental disadvantage in the visual motor domain, it frequently occurs in the context of an inadequate rearing environment, which may be a stronger determinant than prenatal cocaine Exposure of children's outcome.
Foster-Placed and Adopted Children Exposed In Utero to Opiates and Other Substances: Prediction and Outcome at Four and a Half Years
  • Vibeke Moe
  • Psychology
    Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP
  • 2002
TLDR
The findings showed that although the mean cognitive scores were within normal limits at age 4½ years, a special weakness in the area of visual-motor and perceptual abilities was detected among the substance-exposed children, indicating that these areas of performance are especially sensitive to the effect of prenatal adversity.
Discriminate Power of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale and the Movement Assessment of Infants for Prediction of Peabody Gross Motor Scale Scores of Infants Exposed In Utero to Cocaine
TLDR
The MAI overidentifies infants with motor problems in comparison to the AIMS, but neither test adequately identifies infants who go on to have poor motor scores on the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales.
Neurobehavioral and Developmental Traiectories Associated with Level of Prenatal Cocaine Exposure.
TLDR
Differences in mental performance over the first 2 years of life associated with prenatal cocaine exposure that was mediated by microcephaly implying that cocaine exerts a sustained teratogenic effect on brain development.
...
...