Neuromodulation of vertebrate locomotor control networks.

@article{Miles2011NeuromodulationOV,
  title={Neuromodulation of vertebrate locomotor control networks.},
  author={Gareth Miles and Keith T. Sillar},
  journal={Physiology},
  year={2011},
  volume={26 6},
  pages={
          393-411
        }
}
Vertebrate locomotion must be adaptable in light of changing environmental, organismal, and developmental demands. Much of the underlying flexibility in the output of central pattern generating (CPG) networks of the spinal cord and brain stem is endowed by neuromodulation. This review provides a synthesis of current knowledge on the way that various neuromodulators modify the properties of and connections between CPG neurons to sculpt CPG network output during locomotion. 

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