Neurological outcome in preterm small for gestational age infants compared to appropriate for gestational age preterm at the age of 18 months: a prospective study.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the neurological outcome of premature small for gestational age infants at the corrected age of 18 months by the Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination. A prospective trial was conducted comparing 41 preterm infants being small for gestational age with 41 appropriate for gestational age infants. Birth weight was significantly lower in small for gestational age infants compared with appropriate for gestational age infants (1724.6 +/- 433 versus 1221 +/- 328 g). There were no significant differences regarding the median gestational age and Apgar scores. Median global scores differ significantly between both groups: 75 (47-78) versus 76 (72-78) for the small for gestational age and appropriate for gestational age infants, respectively. Both groups had optimal scores. In conclusion, although the small for gestational age group scored lower in the Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination, median global score in both groups was within optimal range.

DOI: 10.1177/0883073809333538

Cite this paper

@article{Karagianni2010NeurologicalOI, title={Neurological outcome in preterm small for gestational age infants compared to appropriate for gestational age preterm at the age of 18 months: a prospective study.}, author={Paraskevi Karagianni and Maria Kyriakidou and Georgios Mitsiakos and Helias Chatzioanidis and Emmanouel Koumbaras and Athanasios E. Evangeliou and Nikolaos Nikolaides}, journal={Journal of child neurology}, year={2010}, volume={25 2}, pages={165-70} }