Neurological Distribution of Processing Resources Underlying Language Comprehension

@article{Swinney1996NeurologicalDO,
  title={Neurological Distribution of Processing Resources Underlying Language Comprehension},
  author={David Swinney and Edgar B. Zurif and Penny Prather and Tracy E Love},
  journal={Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience},
  year={1996},
  volume={8},
  pages={174-184}
}
Using a cross-modal lexical priming technique we provide an on-line examination of the ability of aphasic patients to construct syntactically licensed dependencies in real time. We show a distinct difference between Wernicke's and Broca's aphasic patients with respect to this form of syntactic processing: the Wernicke's patients link the elements of dependency relations in the same manner as do neurologically intact individuals; the Broca's patients show no evidence of such linkage. These… 
Semantic Operations in Aphasic Comprehension: Implications for the Cortical Organization of Language
TLDR
Results indicate that, whereas Broca's patients have little or no trouble understanding sentences requiring aspectual coercion and complement coercion, Wernicke's patients performed at normal-like levels only for sentences that did not require these operations.
The neurology of syntax: Language use without Broca's area
  • Y. Grodzinsky
  • Biology, Psychology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 2000
TLDR
Five empirical arguments are presented: experiments in sentence comprehension, cross-linguistic considerations, grammaticality and plausibility judgments, real-time processing of complex sentences, and rehabilitation, which indicate that language is a distinct, modularly organized neurological entity.
On Processing Lexical Meanings in Aphasia and Alzheimer's Disease: Some (Re)Considerations
TLDR
The view that "word-level priming" (WLP) is not a sufficient task to tap in the time course of lexical activation during online processing is favored and initial claims regarding automatic or modularized lexical processing are shown to be premature.
Activation of Broca's area by syntactic processing under conditions of concurrent articulation
TLDR
The results of this experiment provide strong evidence that the increase in blood flow seen in Broca's area in association with processing syntactically complex structures is not due to subvocal rehearsal of those structures, but rather results from processing syntactic forms themselves.
Broca's Aphasia Is Associated with a Single Pattern of Comprehension Performance: A Reply
TLDR
In 1999, a survey of comprehension scores for Broca’s patients conventionally selected via the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Exam and other like instruments was published and the picture that emerged was very clear: The Broca's patients as a group performed significantly above chance level in their comprehension of structures without displaced constituents.
Syntax and the Brain: Disentangling Grammar by Selective Anomalies
TLDR
Findings provide original in vivo evidence that these brain structures, whose individual contribution has been highlighted by clinical studies, constitute a neural network selectively engaged in morphological and syntactic computation.
Accounting for the fine structure of syntactic working memory : Similarity-based interference as a unifying principle
problems should at least be extended or discussed in a different context. In particular, the question arises of whether sentence comprehension deficits in aphasic or central nervous system (CNS)
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 94 REFERENCES
Functional localization in the brain with respect to syntactic processing
TLDR
The data show that Wernicke's patients can link the elements of dependency relations in the same way as neurologically intact subjects, even for sentences that they do not understand, and suggest that comprehension limitations statable in syntactic terms can be traced to changes in cortically localizable processing resources.
Verb-Argument Structure Processing in Complex Sentences in Broca′s and Wernicke′s Aphasia
TLDR
It is found that normal control subjects and Broca's aphasic patients are sensitive to the thematic properties of verbs, regardless of sentence type, and there is a double-dissociation between the operation of accessing a verb's thematic Properties and theoperation of computing the trace-antecedent relation.
Real-time examinations of lexical processing in aphasics
We argue that the lesion localizing value of disruptions to modular information processing systems emerges most clearly from on-line analyses of processing. In this respect we seek to show that left
Theoretical perspectives on language deficits
TLDR
This critical history of research on acquired language deficits (aphasias) demonstrates the usefulness of linguistic analysis of aphasic syndrome for neuropsychology, linguistics, and psycholinguistics and concludes that the use of grammatical tools for the description of the aphasias is critical.
Verb processing during sentence comprehension in aphasia
Lexical decision and aphasia: Evidence for semantic processing
Semantic Facutation in Aphasia: Effects of Time and Expectancy
TLDR
The results of these two experiments suggest that Broca's aphasics use heuristic strategies more so than old and young normal subjects and seem to have an automatic processing deficit affecting the level of activation of lexical entries, with a spared time course of activation.
...
...