Neurolinguistic Analysis of Recurrent Utterance in Aphasia

  title={Neurolinguistic Analysis of Recurrent Utterance in Aphasia},
  author={Chris Code},
  • C. Code
  • Published 1 April 1982
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Cortex
A linguistic analysis of 97 recurrent utterances (RUs) is reported which delineates 2 separate types of RU - Real Word Recurrent Utterances (RWRUs) and Non-Meaningful Recurrent Utterances (NMRUs). The range, frequency and distribution of phonemes occurring in RUs is similar to normal English in RWRUs, but not in NMRUs. NMRUs do not break the phonotactic constraints of the language and RWRUs rarely break the syntactic rules. It appears to be possible to classify RWRUs into certain groups among… Expand
On the Origins of Recurrent Utterances in Aphasia
  • C. Code
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Cortex
  • 1982
It is argued that the origins of RWRUs may have more to do with post-onset factors than with activities being pursued at the time of onset, and the origin of NMRUs are probably best explained in phonetic terms. Expand
Recurring utterances (speech automatisms) without aphasia: A single case study
Background: Regarding the generation of recurring utterances (RUs), there are two lines of research in the literature. The first is that RUs occur in severe aphasia; that is, global aphasia or severeExpand
Producing speech automatisms (recurring utterances): Looking for what is left
Abstract Nine expressively severely impaired aphasics with a predominant production of syllabic speech automatisms (e.g. do-do-do) were investigated. Firstly, the group respected differential lengthExpand
Speech automatism production in aphasia
  • C. Code
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Neurolinguistics
  • 1994
Abstract This paper argues that explanations for the origins of lexical and non lexical (recurring utterances) aphasic speech automatisms must take into account: (a) both neurophysiological as wellExpand
Dissociations of Language Functions in Aphasics with Speech Automatisms (Recurring Utterances)
Analysis of written output within the theoretical framework of the logogen model provided evidence for the possibility of a partially intact phonological system in patients with speech automatisms, and is interpreted as supporting a sub-phonemic hypothesis of the generation of non-lexical speech automats. Expand
Syllabification in aphasic recurring utterances: contributions of sonority theory
Syllabification was found to adhere to the sonority principle, even to the extent of avoiding language specific phonotactic possibilities that breach the principle, similar to those found with jargonaphasia. Expand
Nonfluent aphasia and the evolution of proto-language
  • C. Code
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Neurolinguistics
  • 2011
Abstract This paper briefly explores the relevance of patterns of related symptoms of nonfluent aphasia arising from left inferior frontal brain damage for the evolution of speech, language andExpand
The functional basis of speech automatisms (recurring utterances)
Abstract Speech automatisms (or recurring utterances) are stereotyped and repetitive productions especially seen in more severely handicapped aphasic patients. First this paper summarizes importantExpand
Implications of preserved written language abilities for the functional basis of speech automatisms (recurring utterances): A single case study
Abstract A patient is described whose oral speech consists exclusively of repetitively used stereotypical utterances (speech automatisms) but whose written performance is far better preserved.Expand
Opportunities to say ‘yes’: Rare speech automatisms in a case of progressive nonfluent aphasia and apraxia
There was a significant interaction between automatism production and apraxic speech errors and during limb praxic tasks, suggesting that production of the automatism was unrelated to linguistic or lexical variables, but was related to the presence of speech apraxia coupled with disinhibition. Expand


Frequency of Occurrence of Phonemes in Conversational English
The phoneme identification process of an automatic speech recognition system may be aided through the use of statistics of phoneme occurrence in conversational English, which correlate highly with those of one other major study of natural speech. Expand
On the nature of the duality of the brain.
I GIVE here a resume of some of the opinions I have expressed during the last seven or eight years on the nature of the duality of the brain. That the nervous system is double physically is evidentExpand