Neurokinin B- and substance P-like immunoreactivity are co-localized in enteric nerves of rat ileum.


The tachykinins (TKs) substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA), and neurokinin B (NKB) have conserved C-terminal sequences and mediate similar physiological responses by activating neurokinin receptors found on neural and smooth muscle cells. Many enteric nerves express preprotachykinin A (PPT A) mRNA and synthesize SP and NKA. However, it is unclear if NKB is… (More)