Neuroimaging resolution of the altered state hypothesis

  title={Neuroimaging resolution of the altered state hypothesis},
  author={Giuliana Mazzoni and Annalena Venneri and William McGeown and Irving Kirsch},

Hypnosis and Imaging of the Living Human Brain

Converging findings intimate that hypnotic suggestions seem to induce specific neural patterns that subserve hypnotic phenomena, and propose that suggestions may have the ability to target focal brain networks.

New directions in hypnosis research: strategies for advancing the cognitive and clinical neuroscience of hypnosis

Key advances in hypnosis research during the past two decades are summarized, including clinical research support the efficacy of hypnosis for managing a number of clinical symptoms and conditions, research supporting the role of various divisions in the anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortices in hypnotic responding, and an emerging finding that high hypnotic suggestibility is associated with atypical brain connectivity profiles.

Hypnotic Automaticity in the Brain at Rest: An Arterial Spin Labelling Study

The increase in perceived automaticity was positively associated with activity in the parietal operculum (PO) and seed-based coactivation analysis revealed additional associations in the anterior part of the supracallosal cingulate cortex (aMCC).

Hypnosis and top-down regulation of consciousness

Segregated brain state during hypnosis

It is shown that a single-word hypnotic induction robustly shifted global neural connectivity into a state where activity remained sustained but failed to ignite strong, coherent activity in frontoparietal cortices, suggesting a shift in the underlying state of the brain.

Granone’s Plastic Monoideism Demonstrated by Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)

Plastic monoideism is the supposed basis of hypnosis, but has never been experimentally demonstrated. The aim of the paper presented herein is to demonstrate that plastic monoideism exists and can be

Hypnotic suggestion: opportunities for cognitive neuroscience

Recent studies using hypnotic suggestion show how manipulating subjective awareness in the laboratory can provide insights into brain mechanisms involved in attention, motor control, pain perception, beliefs and volition.

Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Demonstrates That Hypnosis Is Conscious and Voluntary

The results show that the hypothesis that hypnosis is conscious and voluntary is correct and is associated to egoic consciousness and voluntary processes.

Hypnotic Ability and Baseline Attention: fMRI Findings From Stroop Interference

Findings from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) show that high-hypnotizable participants, compared with low- Hypnotizables, may maintain a distinct baseline of attention even outside of hypnosis or suggestion.

Structural and functional correlates of hypnotic depth and suggestibility



Hypnosis Modulates Activity in Brain Structures Involved in the Regulation of Consciousness

Regression analyses between regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and self-ratings confirm the hypothesized involvement of the anterior cingulate cortex, the thalamus, and the ponto-mesencephalic brainstem in the production of hypnotic states.

Hypnotic suggestion reduces conflict in the human brain.

  • A. RazJin FanM. Posner
  • Psychology, Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2005
This work combined neuroimaging methods to provide high temporal and spatial resolution and studied highly and less-hypnotizable participants both with and without a suggestion to interpret visual words as nonsense strings to provide a more scientific account relating the neural effects of suggestion to placebo.

Suggested visual hallucinations in and out of hypnosis

Hypnosis : the cognitive-behavioral perspective

Today, many advocates of hypnosis claim for it significant therapeutic benefits as an anesthetic, a method for controlling labor pains, an element in the treatment of dermatological conditions, and a

Hypnotic phenomena and altered states of consciousness : A multilevel framework of description and explanation

There is currently agreement that, in addition to the changes in external behaviour, suggestions presented in a hypnotic context may give rise to changes in subjective experience. Yet, there is no

Suggested visual hallucination without hypnosis enhances activity in visual areas of the brain

The semantics and physiology of hypnosis as an altered state: towards a definition of hypnosis

In this paper it is argued that much of the failure to come up with a meaningful definition of ‘hypnosis’ has stemmed from disagreements, many of them semantic, about the status of hypnosis as an

Hypnotic visual illusion alters color processing in the brain.

Observed changes in subjective experience achieved during hypnosis were reflected by changes in brain function similar to those that occur in perception, supporting the claim that hypnosis is a psychological state with distinct neural correlates and is not just the result of adopting a role.

Hypnotic induction decreases anterior default mode activity