Neuroimaging of emotion and personality: Scientific evidence and ethical considerations

  title={Neuroimaging of emotion and personality: Scientific evidence and ethical considerations},
  author={Turhan Canli and Zenab Amin},
  journal={Brain and Cognition},

Figures from this paper

Emerging Ethical Challenges in Advanced Neuroimaging Research: Review, Recommendations and Research Agenda

  • E. RacineJ. Illes
  • Psychology
    Journal of empirical research on human research ethics : JERHRE
  • 2007
An overview of the current landscape for neuroimaging is provided and specific research ethics topics arising from it are discussed to suggest preliminary approaches to tackle current issues, and identify areas for further collaboration between neuroimagers and institutional review boards.

Neuroethics: the practical and the philosophical

  • M. Farah
  • Philosophy
    Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 2005

Monitoring and manipulating the human brain: new neuroscience technologies and their ethical implications

Discusses the use of new neuroscience technologies in monitoring and manipulating brain function, as of May 2004. History of modern brain imaging; Implications of neuroimaging for medical ethics;

Brains in context in the neurolaw debate: the examples of free will and "dangerous" brains.

Neuroethics and fMRI: Mapping a Fledgling Relationship

It is argued that the ethical challenges of fMRI, and controversy over its conceptual and practical implications, make this essential to integrating ELSI discussion into the research literature.

Brain Imaging and Brain Privacy: A Realistic Concern?

It is demonstrated that the use of imaging to gather information about an individual's psychological traits is already possible, but to an extremely limited extent.

Personality influences the neural responses to viewing facial expressions of emotion

It is concluded that when used appropriately, analyses examining the relationship between personality and brain activity provide a useful tool for understanding the neural basis of facial expression processing and emotion processing in general.

Ethical Muscle and Scientific Interests: A Role for Philosophy in Scientific Research

This work explores two different examples in which philosophers and scientists have used ethical arguments to plead for epistemological improvements in the conduct of research.

Neurophilosophical perspectives of neuroimaging in forensic psychiatry-giving way to a paradigm shift?

It is proposed to discuss the introduction of biological criteria in the field of forensic psychiatry and to establish rules as to what extent such biological criteria will be a better and more reliable choice in judging mentally ill criminals by using all available information that can be obtained by biological means.



Depression: perspectives from affective neuroscience.

A model of the ways in which affect can become disordered in depression is constructed and proposals for the specific types of processing abnormalities that result from dysfunctions in different parts of this circuitry are offered.

An fMRI Investigation of Emotional Engagement in Moral Judgment

It is argued that moral dilemmas vary systematically in the extent to which they engage emotional processing and that these variations in emotional engagement influence moral judgment.

Amygdala Response to Happy Faces as a Function of Extraversion

Cognitive neuroscience aims to delineate principles of brain-behavior relations by characterizing both common mechanisms across, and individual differences among, individuals. Both approaches are

Anger in healthy men: a PET study using script-driven imagery

Dysfunction in the neural circuitry of emotion regulation--a possible prelude to violence.

It is posited that impulsive aggression and violence arise as a consequence of faulty emotion regulation, and the prefrontal cortex receives a major serotonergic projection, which is dysfunctional in individuals who show impulsive violence.

Emotion, plasticity, context, and regulation: perspectives from affective neuroscience.

The authors present an overview of the neural bases of emotion. They underscore the role of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and amygdala in 2 broad approach- and withdrawal-related emotion systems.

The Study of Personality with Positron Emission Tomography

The recent development of the technique of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) now allows direct, nonintrusive measures of brain function in specific areas and structures.

The amygdala: vigilance and emotion

A review of available studies examining the human amygdala covers both lesion and electrical stimulation studies as well as the most recent functional neuroimaging studies, and attempts to integrate basic information on normal amygdala function with the current understanding of psychiatric disorders, including pathological anxiety.

An fMRI study of personality influences on brain reactivity to emotional stimuli.

This study provides direct evidence that personality is associated with brain reactivity to emotional stimuli and identifies both common and distinct brain regions where such modulation takes place.

Neural Correlates of Levels of Emotional Awareness: Evidence of an Interaction between Emotion and Attention in the Anterior Cingulate Cortex

This work used positron emission tomography and 15O-water to measure cerebral blood flow in healthy women during film- and recall-induced emotion and correlated CBF changes attributable to emotion with subjects' scores on the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS), a measure of individual differences in the capacity to experience emotion in a differentiated and complex way.