Neurohumoral activity, heart failure and prognosis in patients with end-stage renal disease treated by hemodialysis.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Chronic renal failure treated by regular hemodialysis is frequently accompanied by chronic heart failure; the mortality of both is high. AIM To evaluate the role of markers of neurohumoral activation for the prognosis of patients treated with regular dialysis. PATIENTS 99 patients with end-stage renal disease were followed up for 3 years… (More)

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