Neuroethology of ultrasonic hearing in nocturnal butterflies (Hedyloidea)

  title={Neuroethology of ultrasonic hearing in nocturnal butterflies (Hedyloidea)},
  author={Jayne E Yack and Elisabeth Klara Viktoria Kalko and Annemarie Surlykke},
  journal={Journal of Comparative Physiology A},
Nocturnal Hedyloidea butterflies possess ultrasound-sensitive ears that mediate evasive flight maneuvers. Tympanal ear morphology, auditory physiology and behavioural responses to ultrasound are described for Macrosoma heliconiaria, and evidence for hearing is described for eight other hedylid species. The ear is formed by modifications of the cubital and subcostal veins at the forewing base, where the thin (1–3 μm), ovoid (520 × 220 μm) tympanal membrane occurs in a cavity. The ear is… CONTINUE READING
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