Neuroethics vs Neurophysiologically and Neuropsychologically Uninformed Influences in Child-Rearing, Education, Emerging Hunter-Gatherers, and Artificial Intelligence Models of the Brain

  title={Neuroethics vs Neurophysiologically and Neuropsychologically Uninformed Influences in Child-Rearing, Education, Emerging Hunter-Gatherers, and Artificial Intelligence Models of the Brain},
  author={Anneliese A. Pontius},
  journal={Psychological Reports},
  pages={451 - 458}
  • A. Pontius
  • Published 1 April 1993
  • Psychology, Biology
  • Psychological Reports
Potentially negative long-term consequences in four areas are emphasized, if specific neuromaturational, neurophysiological, and neuropsychological facts within a neurodevelopmental and ecological context are neglected in normal functional levels of child development and maturational lag of the frontal lobe system in “Attention Deficit Disorder,” in education (reading/writing and arithmetic), in assessment of cognitive functioning in hunter-gatherer populations, specifically modified in the… 

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  • Psychology
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The authors studied the auditory average cortical evoked potentials and behavioral responses of 9 formerly hyperactive adolescent boys and matched control subjects who performed a selective attention task to imply a persistent dysfunction related to the frontal association cortex.

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These findings support the previously proposed new conceptual model about ethical action behavior in general and in particular with regard to a subgroup of juvenile delinquents who reveal signs of a neuro-physiological dysfunction, probably a maturational lag of the FLS.

Neuro-Ethics of “Walking” in the Newborn

  • A. Pontius
  • Psychology, Biology
    Perceptual and motor skills
  • 1973
Questions are raised about long-range neurological implications of such an overemphasis on the lowest level of motor integration at a time when not even the pyramidal tracts have matured sufficiently to make voluntary walking possible.

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Among the authors' patients was a bookkeeper with a severe form of sensory aphasia who could still draw up the annual balance sheet in spite of severe disturbances of speech and although he was unable to remember the names of his subordinates and used to refer to them incorrectly.

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The hypothesis that cerebral glucose metabolism might differ between normal adults (controls) and adults with histories of hyperactivity in childhood who continued to have symptoms after treatment with stimulant medication is investigated.

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It is hypothesized that there exists a subgroup of criminals who are unable to switch POA within a heirarchy of principles, and that they will be revealed by the already established Trail Making Test B (TMT-B), and by the new brief clinical Narratives Test (NT).

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Pontius (1973) raised ethical questions concerning research on reflexive stimulation in newborn infants. A reliance on poor data, theoretical misinterpretations, and inappropriate generalizations

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The editors have done a masterful job of weaving together the biologic, the behavioral, and the clinical sciences into a single tapestry in which everyone from the molecular biologist to the practicing psychiatrist can find and appreciate his or her own research.