Neuroethics Questions to Guide Ethical Research in the International Brain Initiatives

@article{Rommelfanger2018NeuroethicsQT,
  title={Neuroethics Questions to Guide Ethical Research in the International Brain Initiatives},
  author={Karen S Rommelfanger and Sung-jin Jeong and Arisa Ema and Tamami Fukushi and Kiyoto Kasai and Khara M. Ramos and Arleen Salles and Ilina Singh and Jordan P. Amadio and Guo-Qiang Bi and Paul Boshears and Adrian Carter and Anna Devor and Kenji Doya and Hermann Garden and Judy Illes and L. Syd M Johnson and Lyric A. Jorgenson and Bang Ook Jun and Inyoung Lee and Patricia T. Michie and Tsuyoshi Miyakawa and Eisuke Nakazawa and Osamu Sakura and Hagop Sarkissian and Laura Specker Sullivan and Stepheni Uh and David E. Winickoff and Paul Root Wolpe and Kevin Chien-Chang Wu and Akira Yasamura and Jialin C Zheng},
  journal={Neuron},
  year={2018},
  volume={100},
  pages={19-36}
}
Increasingly, national governments across the globe are prioritizing investments in neuroscience. Currently, seven active or in-development national-level brain research initiatives exist, spanning four continents. Engaging with the underlying values and ethical concerns that drive brain research across cultural and continental divides is critical to future research. Culture influences what kinds of science are supported and where science can be conducted through ethical frameworks and… Expand

Figures and Topics from this paper

Of Ethical Frameworks and Neuroethics in Big Neuroscience Projects: A View from the HBP
TLDR
The need for an ethical framework for the BRAIN Initiative and for further integration of neuroethics and neuroscience is assessed and some of the issues raised are assessed and an explanation of how they are addressed in the Human Brain Project is provided. Expand
Ethical Implications of BRAIN 2.0: Beyond Bioethics, Beyond Borders
TLDR
This commentary applauds the goal of integration, while stressing that within BRAIN 2.0 it is needed to have a more explicit view of integration—one that pushed for integration of disciplines. Expand
NeuroEthics and the BRAIN Initiative: Where Are We? Where Are We Going?
Abstract From its inception, the NIH Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative, an ambitious project focused on understanding the human brain, has made aExpand
Neuroethical Issues in Times of Health Crisis. What Roles for Neurosciences, IA, Neurotechnologies?
How can neuroscience help everyone to live and care for our confined brains? Understanding and studying human behaviour allows us to measure the impact of such confinement on each of us and toExpand
Gaps in Neuroethics in Relation to Brain Computer Interfaces: Systematic Literature Review
TLDR
The goal of this paper is to inform future development in the area and provide a springboard for further research and to raise awareness of the need for the spotlight on ethics to keep up with BCI advancements. Expand
Neuroethics beyond the laboratory door: The new state-level brain research projects and the problem of dual use
Summary A revolution is taking place in the life and associated sciences. Nowhere is this clearer than in neuroscience where a number of State-level brain research projects have been initiated toExpand
Neuroethics at 15: The Current and Future Environment for Neuroethics
TLDR
Current and future topics for neuroethics are identified and the many social and political challenges that emerge from the converging dynamics of neurotechnologies and artificial intelligence are discussed. Expand
The Ethical Imperative for Neuro-Entrepreneurs
TLDR
This publication comes on the heels of the July 16, 2019 announcement by Neuralink, Elon Musk’s brainmachine interface company, viewed around the world on YouTube livestream and certain to rank among the highest-profile public events related to neurotechnology to date. Expand
Ethical issues related to brain organoid research
This review provides a snapshot of the current ethical issues related to research with human brain organoids. The issues fall into the following main themes: research oversight; human biomaterialsExpand
The Ethical and Responsible Development and Application of Advanced Brain Machine Interfaces
TLDR
This work illustrates how a “risk innovation” approach may provide novel insights into mapping out this landscape and revealing potentially blindsiding risks and shows how this approach can be used to illuminate challenges and opportunities to the successful, ethical, and responsible development of advanced brain machine interfaces. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 161 REFERENCES
Neuroethics and Philosophy in Responsible Research and Innovation: The Case of the Human Brain Project
Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is an important ethical, legal, and political theme for the European Commission. Although variously defined, it is generally understood as an interactiveExpand
Issues in neurotechnology governance
Addressing the effects of population ageing, including the increase in mental illnesses and neurological disorders, remains a top priority for many countries and is reflected at the highest levels ofExpand
Pragmatic Neuroethics: Improving Treatment and Understanding of the Mind-Brain
Today the measurable health burden of neurological and mental health disorders matches or even surpasses any other cluster of health conditions. At the same time, the clinical applications of recentExpand
Potential for Bias in the Context of Neuroethics
  • S. Bird
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Sci. Eng. Ethics
  • 2012
TLDR
It is important that the training of neuroscientists, and research practice itself, include open and in-depth discussion and examination of the assumptions that underlie research, and the general public is made aware of the limitations as well as the strengths of the science. Expand
Social Neuroscience and Neuroethics : A Fruitful Synergy
Social neuroscience is shedding new light on the relationship between the brain and its environments. In the process, and despite criticism from the social sciences, the field is contributing to theExpand
Theoretical Framing of Neuroethics: The Need for a Conceptual Approach
There are different dominant perspectives, theories, and methodologies within neuroethics, each importantly shaping the identification, understanding, and discussion of the relevant ethical, social,Expand
Ethics in neuroscience graduate training programs: Views and models from Canada
Consideration of the ethical, social, and policy implications of research has become increasingly important to scientists and scholars whose work focuses on brain and mind, but limited empirical dataExpand
Neuroethics, Gender and the Response to Difference
This paper examines how the new field of neuroethics is responding to the old problem of difference, particularly to those ideas of biological difference emerging from neuroimaging research thatExpand
Critical Neuroscience: Linking Neuroscience and Society through Critical Practice
We outline the framework of the new project of Critical Neuroscience: a reflexive scientific practice that responds to the social, cultural and political challenges posed by the advances in theExpand
The Sociology of Neuroethics: Expectational Discourses and the Rise of a New Discipline
The sudden emergence of the discipline ‘neuroethics’ is an intriguing event from the perspective of the sociologies of medicine, science and bioethics. Despite calls for greater social scienceExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...