Neurocognitive processes underlying heuristic and normative probability judgments

  title={Neurocognitive processes underlying heuristic and normative probability judgments},
  author={Linus Andersson and Johan Eriksson and Sara Stillesj{\"o} and Peter Juslin and Lars Nyberg and Linnea Karlsson Wirebring},
4 Citations
Heuristics, language and medical errors
Some of the more common heuristics/biases that may lead to biased decision making and patient harm are discussed, and language in medicine is looked at and how that can lead us to make diagnostic errors.


Do intuitive and deliberate judgments rely on two distinct neural systems? A case study in face processing
This work is among the first to present neural evidence contrary to the predictions of popular dual-systems accounts that propose a clear-cut dichotomy of the processing systems, and to support rather a unified model.
The Reflective Mind: Examining Individual Differences in Susceptibility to Base Rate Neglect with fMRI
The results suggest that individual differences in reflective thinking as measured by CRT are related to brain activation in PCC—a region involved in regulating attention between external and internal foci.
Intuitive and deliberate judgments are based on common principles.
This work provides convergent arguments and evidence for a unified theoretical approach to both intuitive and deliberative judgments, and adumbrates a unified approach that specifies the critical dimensions on which judgmental situations may vary and the environmental conditions under which rules can be expected to be successful.
Dual-Process Theories of Higher Cognition
  • Jonathan Evans, K. Stanovich
  • Psychology, Biology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2013
It is argued that the dual-processing distinction is supported by much recent evidence in cognitive science.
Decisions under Uncertainty: Probabilistic Context Influences Activation of Prefrontal and Parietal Cortices
It is concluded that the brain response to uncertainty depends on the demands of the experimental task, and when uncertainty develops over short time scales as information is accumulated toward a decision, dorsal prefrontal and posterior parietal contributions are critical for its resolution.
Anatomy of deductive reasoning
  • V. Goel
  • Psychology, Biology
    Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 2007
Smarter Than We Think
Results showed that although the inhibition area was specifically activated when stereotypical responses were avoided, the conflict-detection area was activated even when people reasoned stereotypically, suggesting that people detect their bias when they give intuitive responses.
The Nature and Neural Correlates of Semantic Association versus Conceptual Similarity
To clarify the neural bases of these semantic components in neurologically intact participants, both types of semantic relationship were investigated in an fMRI study optimized for anterior temporal lobe (ATL) coverage.