Neurobiology of Caenorhabditis elegans Locomotion: Where Do We Stand?

@article{Gjorgjieva2014NeurobiologyOC,
  title={Neurobiology of Caenorhabditis elegans Locomotion: Where Do We Stand?},
  author={Julijana Gjorgjieva and David Biron and Gal Haspel},
  journal={Bioscience},
  year={2014},
  volume={64},
  pages={476 - 486}
}
Animals use a nervous system for locomotion in some stage of their life cycle. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, a major animal model for almost all fields of experimental biology, has long been used for detailed studies of genetic and physiological locomotion mechanisms. Of its 959 somatic cells, 302 are neurons that are identifiable by lineage, location, morphology, and neurochemistry in every adult hermaphrodite. Of those, 75 motoneurons innervate body wall muscles that provide the thrust… 

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These results show that, as in many other vertebrates and invertebrates, the C. elegans motor circuit contains multiple oscillators that coordinate activity to generate behavior.
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