Neuroactive steroids as modulators of depression and anxiety.


Certain neuroactive steroids modulate ligand-gated ion channels via non-genomic mechanisms. Especially 3alpha-reduced pregnane steroids are potent positive allosteric modulators of the GABA type A-receptor. During major depression there is a dysequilibrium of 3alpha-reduced neuroactive steroids, which is corrected by clinically effective pharmacological… (More)