Neural substrates underlying effort, time, and risk-based decision making in motivated behavior.


All mobile organisms rely on adaptive motivated behavior to overcome the challenges of living in an environment in which essential resources may be limited. A variety of influences ranging from an organism's environment, experiential history, and physiological state all influence a cost-benefit analysis which allows motivation to energize behavior and… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.nlm.2016.07.015


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