Neural responses to sanction threats in two-party economic exchange.

  title={Neural responses to sanction threats in two-party economic exchange.},
  author={Jian Li and Erte Xiao and Daniel Houser and P. Read Montague},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={106 39},
Sanctions are used ubiquitously to enforce obedience to social norms. However, recent field studies and laboratory experiments have demonstrated that cooperation is sometimes reduced when incentives meant to promote prosocial decisions are added to the environment. Although various explanations for this effect have been suggested, the neural foundations of the effect have not been fully explored. Using a modified trust game, we found that trustees reciprocate relatively less when facing… CONTINUE READING