Neural mechanisms underlying melodic perception and memory for pitch

@inproceedings{Zatorre1994NeuralMU,
  title={Neural mechanisms underlying melodic perception and memory for pitch},
  author={Robert J. Zatorre and Alan C. Evans and Ernst Meyer},
  booktitle={The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience},
  year={1994}
}
The neural correlates of music perception were studied by measuring cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes with positron emission tomography (PET). Twelve volunteers were scanned using the bolus water method under four separate conditions: (1) listening to a sequence of noise bursts, (2) listening to unfamiliar tonal melodies, (3) comparing the pitch of the first two notes of the same set of melodies, and (4) comparing the pitch of the first and last notes of the melodies. The latter two conditions… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Absolute and relative pitch processing in the human brain: Neural and behavioral evidence
TLDR
The results of this study do not support the previously reported importance of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in associating a pitch with its label and show diverging frontal activations during Labeling and, more subtly, differences in right auditory activation during Listening.
Impaired pitch perception and memory in congenital amusia: the deficit starts in the auditory cortex.
TLDR
The data provide first evidence of altered functioning of the auditory cortices during pitch perception and memory in congenital amusia and support the hypothesis that in neurodevelopmental disorders impacting high-level functions, abnormalities in cerebral processing can be observed in early brain responses.
Dissociable systems of working memory for rhythm and melody
A role for the intraparietal sulcus in transforming musical pitch information.
TLDR
A whole-brain voxel-wise regression analysis of brain oxygenation level-dependent signal showed that activity within the right IPS predicted task performance for both musicians and nonmusicians specifically in the transposed melody condition.
Methodological considerations for fMRI studies of pitch processing
Four functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of pitch processing in auditory cortex were designed to reduce the impact of a number of methodological issues that have hitherto limited
Stimulus-dependent central processing of auditory stimuli: a PET study.
TLDR
PET has revealed a remarkable potential to investigate early central auditory processing, and has provided evidence of the coexistence of functionally linked, but individually active parallel and serial auditory networks.
Coding of Melodic Gestalt in Human Auditory Cortex
TLDR
These findings extend common hierarchical models of auditory processing by showing that melodies are encoded independent of absolute pitch and based on their relative pitch profile as early as the primary auditory cortex.
Functional Heterogeneity of Inferior Frontal Gyrus Is Shaped by Linguistic Experience
TLDR
Findings suggest that functional circuits engaged in speech perception depend on linguistic experience, and that storage and executive processes of working memory that are implicated in phonological processing are mediated in discrete regions of the left frontal lobe.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 73 REFERENCES
Changes in cortical activity when subjects scan memory for tones.
Music Perception and Cognition Following Bilateral Lesions of Auditory Cortex
TLDR
Observations suggest that sensory, perceptual, and cognitive functions mediating tonal information processing in music are neurologically dissociable, and musical priming may be mediated by broadly tuned subcomponents of the thala-mocortical auditory system.
Neural network supporting auditory-vocal integration in singing
TLDR
Investigating regional changes in blood flow during the performance of a rudimentary singing task by 12 healthy right‐handed volunteers found some regions of activation were plausibly explained by the auditory stimulation of self‐vocalization, while others were clearly related to the act of vocalization.
Distribution of cortical neural networks involved in word comprehension and word retrieval.
TLDR
It is concluded that single word comprehension and retrieval activate very different distributed regions of cerebral cortex, with Wernicke's area the only region engaged by both processes and with participation during silent word generation of networks involved in vocalization.
Lateralization of phonetic and pitch discrimination in speech processing.
TLDR
Processing changes in pitch produced activation of the right prefrontal cortex, consistent with the importance of right-hemisphere mechanisms in pitch perception.
Tomographic mapping of human cerebral metabolism
TLDR
The results demonstrate that metabolic responses to auditory stimuli are determined by the content of the stimulus and the analysis strategy of the subject rather than the side of stimulation, and the capacity of functional imaging techniques to study the physiologic cerebral mechanisms underlying auditory processing.
Pitch perception of complex tones and human temporal-lobe function.
  • R. Zatorre
  • Psychology, Biology
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1988
TLDR
It is suggested that Heschl's gyri and surrounding cortex in the right cerebral hemisphere play a crucial role in extracting the pitch corresponding to the fundamental from a complex tone.
The anatomy of phonological and semantic processing in normal subjects.
TLDR
Brain activation was assessed in the temporal, parietal and frontal multi-modal association areas that constitute parts of a large network that represent the specific anatomic substrate of the lexico-semantic processing of language.
...
...