Neural mechanisms of language comprehension: Challenges to syntax

  title={Neural mechanisms of language comprehension: Challenges to syntax},
  author={Gina R. Kuperberg},
  journal={Brain Research},
  • G. Kuperberg
  • Published 18 May 2007
  • Psychology, Linguistics
  • Brain Research

Functional significance of the semantic P600: evidence from the event-related brain potential source localization

The functional significance of the ‘semantic P600’ is investigated using a semantic violation paradigm with a focus-on-syntax instruction and suggests that the P600 might reflect more general mechanisms of conflict monitoring and semantic reinterpretation leading to a retrieval of world knowledge from long-term memory rather purely syntactic processes.

Semantics does not need a processing license from syntax in reading Chinese.

Two event-related brain potential experiments were conducted to investigate whether there is a functional primacy of syntactic structure building over semantic processes during Chinese sentence

The linguistic processes underlying the P600

The P600 is an event-related brain potential (ERP) typically associated with the processing of grammatical anomalies or incongruities. A similar response has also been observed in fully acceptable

Differential Task Effects on N400 and P600 Elicited by Semantic and Syntactic Violations

A strong dependency of P600-eliciting processes from attention to the sentences context whereas the N400 eliciting processes appear relatively robust is shown, which may relate to the target value of the violations or to late sentence structure-specific processes that are more task-sensitive than the N 400 and which are or not initiated in the probe verification task.

Rules and Heuristics during Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from a Dual-task Brain Potential Study

Whether syntactic and semantic processes during sentence comprehension follow strict sets of rules or succumb to context-dependent heuristics was studied by recording event-related potentials in a

Context-dependent Semantic Processing in the Human Brain: Evidence from Idiom Comprehension

It is argued that the brain's semantic expectancy and literal word meaning integration operations can be “switched off” when the context renders them unnecessary, and this study's results lend support to models of idiom comprehension that involve unitary idiom representations.



Event-Related Brain Potentials While Encountering Semantic and Syntactic Constraint Violations

The amplitude of the semantic vie lation effect was found to be related to the strength of the priming constraints, and the topographic difference is consistent with the idea that syntactic and semantic aspects of comprehension are handled by different neural subsystems.

An ERP study of P600 effects elicited by semantic anomalies.

The independence of combinatory semantic processing: Evidence from event-related potentials

Expect the Unexpected: Event-related Brain Response to Morphosyntactic Violations

Arguments about the existence of language-specific neural systems and particularly arguments about the independence of syntactic and semantic processing have recently focused on differences between

Neural correlates of processing syntactic, semantic, and thematic relationships in sentences

Findings support the theory that the cost of syntactic processing on a verb is influenced by the precise thematic relationships between that verb and its preceding arguments.

Distinct Patterns of Neural Modulation during the Processing of Conceptual and Syntactic Anomalies

The aim of this study was to gain further insights into how the brain distinguishes between meaning and syntax during language comprehension. Participants read and made plausibility judgments on

Structure and limited capacity in verbal working memory: A study with event-related potentials

Temporal structure of syntactic parsing: early and late event-related brain potential effects.

Event-related brain potentials were recorded from participants listening to or reading sentences that were correct, contained a violation of the required syntactic category, or contained a syntactic-category ambiguity to be consistent with a 2-stage model of parsing.

Common and Distinct Neural Substrates for Pragmatic, Semantic, and Syntactic Processing of Spoken Sentences: An fMRI Study

It is suggested that the left-inferior-temporal/fusiform gyrus may play a key role in using pragmatic, semantic, and subcategorical information to construct a higher representation of meaning of sentences.