Neural anatomy of the glenohumeral ligaments, labrum, and subacromial bursa.

  title={Neural anatomy of the glenohumeral ligaments, labrum, and subacromial bursa.},
  author={C Thomas Vangsness and Matthew Ennis and John G. Taylor and Richard Atkinson},
  journal={Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association},
  volume={11 2},
The neural histology of the human shoulder ligaments, glenoid labrum, and subacromial bursae were studied using a modified gold chloride stain. Two morphological types of mechanoreceptors and free nerve endings were found in the ligaments. Slow adapting Ruffini end organs and rapidly adapting Pacinian corpuscles were identified in the superior, middle, inferior, and the posterior glenohumeral ligaments. These specialized proprioceptive nerve endings were also found in the coracoclavicular, and… CONTINUE READING


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