Neural Transmission from Oropharyngeal Bitter Receptors to the Medulla is Partially or Completely Labelled-Line

@article{McMullen2016NeuralTF,
  title={Neural Transmission from Oropharyngeal Bitter Receptors to the Medulla is Partially or Completely Labelled-Line},
  author={Michael K. McMullen},
  journal={Natural Product Communications},
  year={2016},
  volume={11}
}
  • M. McMullen
  • Published 1 August 2016
  • Biology
  • Natural Product Communications
The ground breaking advances in taste cell receptor cell physiology over the last 20 years have established a functional basis which enables neural pathways to be mapped. There is only one, or perhaps several, types of taste receptors for salt, sour, sweet and umami (meaty) tastes and stimulation of each receptor type elicits responses in different cognitive regions. These findings support the labelled-line neural pathway model. In contrast, there are 25 types of the bitter taste receptors… 
The Use of Bitter Herbs in Practice
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An update on oropharyngeal taste physiology, an overview of the digestive process emphasizing postprandial hyperemia, an evidence based critical review of the suggested mechanisms by which bitters support digestion and suggestions as to when and why bitters can be applied for digestive and cardiovascular problems are given.

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