Neural Dynamics of Rejection Sensitivity

@article{Kross2007NeuralDO,
  title={Neural Dynamics of Rejection Sensitivity},
  author={Ethan Kross and Tobias Egner and Kevin N. Ochsner and Joy Hirsch and Geraldine Downey},
  journal={Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience},
  year={2007},
  volume={19},
  pages={945-956}
}
Rejection sensitivity (RS) is the tendency to anxiously expect, readily perceive, and intensely react to rejection. This study used functional magnetic resonance imaging to explore whether individual differences in RS are mediated by differential recruitment of brain regions involved in emotional appraisal and/or cognitive control. High and low RS participants were scanned while viewing either representational paintings depicting themes of rejection and acceptance or nonrepresentational control… 

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  • Psychology, Biology
    Clinical psychopharmacology and neuroscience : the official scientific journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
  • 2012
TLDR
Presenting rejection cues as scenes of people in social interaction showed high rejection sensitive or schizotypal individuals to under-activate the dorsal ACC and VLPFC, suggesting that such individuals who perceive rejection cues in others down-regulate their response to the perceived rejection by distancing themselves from the scene.

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Regional gray matter volume is associated with rejection sensitivity: A voxel-based morphometry study

TLDR
Investigation of the relationship between gray matter volume and RS in a large healthy sample of 150 men and 188 women suggested a relationship between individual differences in RS and GMV in brain regions that are primarily related to social cognition.

Cerebral processing of social rejection in patients with borderline personality disorder.

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The data suggest that individuals with BPD have difficulty in discriminating between social situations, and tend to hypermentalize during social encounters that are not determined by the intentions of others.
...

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