Neural Crest Does Not Contribute to the Neck and Shoulder in the Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum)

@inproceedings{Epperlein2012NeuralCD,
  title={Neural Crest Does Not Contribute to the Neck and Shoulder in the Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum)},
  author={H H Epperlein and Shahryar Khattak and Dunja Knapp and Elly M. Tanaka and Yegor Malashichev},
  booktitle={PloS one},
  year={2012}
}
BACKGROUND A major step during the evolution of tetrapods was their transition from water to land. This process involved the reduction or complete loss of the dermal bones that made up connections to the skull and a concomitant enlargement of the endochondral shoulder girdle. In the mouse the latter is derived from three separate embryonic sources: lateral plate mesoderm, somites, and neural crest. The neural crest was suggested to sustain the muscle attachments. How this complex composition of… CONTINUE READING