Neural Activity in the Human Brain Relating to Uncertainty and Arousal during Anticipation

  title={Neural Activity in the Human Brain Relating to Uncertainty and Arousal during Anticipation},
  author={Hugo D. Critchley and Christopher J. Mathias and Raymond J. Dolan},

Figures and Tables from this paper

Anterior cingulate activity during error and autonomic response

Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Lesions Alter Neural and Physiological Correlates of Anticipation

A novel application of fMRI in neurosurgical patients with focal, bilateral ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) damage suggests a role for vmPFC in coordinating neural and physiological responses during anticipation.

Human cingulate cortex and autonomic control: converging neuroimaging and clinical evidence.

Converging neuroimaging and clinical findings suggest that ACC function mediates context-driven modulation of bodily arousal states during effortful cognitive and motor behaviour.

Behavioral activation system modulation on brain activation during appetitive and aversive stimulus processing.

The reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST) proposed the behavioral activation system (BAS) as a neurobehavioral system that is dependent on dopamine-irrigated structures and that mediates the



Neural Activity Relating to Generation and Representation of Galvanic Skin Conductance Responses: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

The results suggest that areas implicated in emotion and attention are differentially involved in generation and representation of peripheral SCR responses, and propose that this functional arrangement enables integration of adaptive bodily responses with ongoing emotional and attentional states of the organism.

Neural activation during selective attention to subjective emotional responses

The findings indicated a specific role for the anterior cingulate cortex in representing subjective emotional responses and are consistent with a suggested role for associated medial prefrontal structures in representing states of mind.

Dissociable Neural Responses in Human Reward Systems

Functional neuroimaging was used to assess neural response within human reward systems under different psychological contexts and demonstrated neural sensitivity of midbrain and ventral striatal regions to financial rewards and hippocampal sensitivity to financial penalties.

Functional heterogeneity in cingulate cortex: the anterior executive and posterior evaluative regions.

There is a fundamental dichotomy between the functions of anterior and posterior cingulate cortices, which subserves primarily executive functions related to the emotional control of visceral, skeletal, and endocrine outflow and evaluation of spatial orientation and memory.

Reward expectancy in primate prefrental neurons

It is reported that the delay activity in prefrontal neurons is dependent also on the particular reward received for the behavioural response, and to the way the reward is given.

Dissociating the role of the dorsolateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex in cognitive control.

Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging and a task-switching version of the Stroop task were used to examine whether these components of cognitive control have distinct neural bases in the human brain and a double dissociation was found.

Reward-related neuronal activity during go-nogo task performance in primate orbitofrontal cortex.

The orbitofrontal cortex appears to be involved in the control of voluntary, goal-directed behavior by motivational outcomes. This study investigated how orbitofrontal neurons process information

Relative reward preference in primate orbitofrontal cortex

Neurons in the orbitofrontal cortex of monkeys process the motivational value of rewarding outcomes of voluntary action, mainly irrespective of the spatial and visual features of reward-predicting stimuli and behavioural reactions.

Cerebral correlates of autonomic cardiovascular arousal: a functional neuroimaging investigation in humans

Evidence is provided for the involvement of areas previously implicated in cognitive and emotional behaviours in the representation of peripheral autonomic states, consistent with a functional organization that produces integrated cardiovascular response patterns in the service of volitional andotional behaviours.