Networked Expertise in the Era of Many-to-many Communication: On Wikipedia and Invention

@article{Pfister2011NetworkedEI,
  title={Networked Expertise in the Era of Many-to-many Communication: On Wikipedia and Invention},
  author={Damien Smith Pfister},
  journal={Social Epistemology},
  year={2011},
  volume={25},
  pages={217 - 231}
}
  • D. Pfister
  • Published 1 July 2011
  • Art
  • Social Epistemology
This essay extends the observations made in E. Johanna Hartelius’ The rhetoric of expertise about the nature of expertise in digital contexts. I argue that digital media introduce a scale of communication—many-to-many—that reshapes how the invention of knowledge occurs. By examining how knowledge production on Wikipedia occurs, I illustrate how many-to-many communication introduces a new model of “participatory expertise.” This model of participatory expertise challenges traditional information… 

Communicating communication

This paper examines the recursive nature of expertise in communication by highlighting the relationship between these experts and laypeople, offering an explanation for the popularity of the former specifically in the era of “the death of expertise”.

Knowledge, Democracy, and the Internet

It is taken that the internet generates a new environment to which people seeking information must adapt and how can they expand their repertory of social markers to continue the venture of filtering, and so make use of the possibilities the internet apparently provides.

Debating reliable sources: writing the history of the Vietnam War on Wikipedia

  • B. Luyt
  • Business
    J. Documentation
  • 2015
How the wider epistemological context of this online encyclopaedia affects the nature of debate about sources and subsequently how this knowledge could be used to improve information literacy instruction is shed light on.

Representation and the problem of bibliographic imagination on Wikipedia

  • B. Luyt
  • Art
    Journal of Documentation
  • 2021
Purpose The astonishing thing about Wikipedia is that despite the way it is produced, the product is as good as it is and not far worse. But this is no reason for complacency. As others have

The Productivity of Scientific Rhetoric

The rhetoric of science is so far a small but proud scholarly field that seeks simultaneously to contribute to rhetorical studies and to secure a place for rhetoric in the conversation of–to use a

Social Knowledge Creation: Three Annotated Bibliographies

In 2012-2013 a team led by Ray Siemens at the Electronic Textual Cultures Lab (ETCL), University of Victoria, in collaboration with Implementing New Knowledge Environments (INKE), developed three

The Social Epistemologies of Software

The paper introduces and explores the way in which code and software become the conditions of possibility for human knowledge, crucially becoming computational epistemes, which the authors share with non-human but crucially knowledge-producing actors.

"A wound that has been festering since 2007": The Burma/Myanmar naming controversy and the problem of rarely challenged assumptions on Wikipedia

  • B. Luyt
  • Sociology
    J. Documentation
  • 2017
The study clearly shows how editors tend to uncritically reproduce the dominant assumptions of their societies in Wikipedia, which has grave implications for Wikipedia’s potential to open up representation to a wider set of knowledge producers and perspectives.

Use of New Media in Intercultural Communication Classes

Since the term intercultural communication was first used by Edward T. Hall in 1959, more than half a century has passed, and the context of intercultural communication has gone through dramatic

Translation and the Production of Knowledge in "Wikipedia": Chronicling the Assassination of Boris Nemtsov

Based on a set of articles about the assassination of Russian politician Boris Nemtsov from nine different editions of the encyclopaedia, the article examines the place of translation in Wikipedia

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 46 REFERENCES

Wikipedia and the Emergence of Dialogic Expertise

Wikipedia's popularity as an online encyclopedia calls attention to fundamental assumptions about the management and dissemination of information. Drawing on a Bakhtinian framework, this article

The Fate of Expertise after Wikipedia

ABSTRACT Wikipedia has challenged traditional notions about the roles of experts in the Internet Age. Section 1 sets up a paradox. Wikipedia is a striking popular success, and yet its success can be

Historical pragmatism and the internet

It is suggested that if internet researchers take a pragmatic, historically grounded approach, they will discover that the introduction of internet technology can be seen to have similar consequences to changes in various systems for the production, dissemination and preservation of cultural information both border and deborder the world.

Wikinews: The Next Generation of Alternative Online News?

The first year of Wikinews is examined, which will evaluate the successes and failures experienced in this first year, and draw parallels and point out distinctions from the news coverage and collaborative publishing philosophies in other alternative news Websites.

The Electronic Word: Democracy, Technology, and the Arts

From the Publisher: The personal computer has revolutionized communication, and digitized text has introduced a radically new medium of expression. Interactive, volatile, mixing word and image, the

Rhetorics of Expertise

As a function of industrialization, scientific revolution(s), and professional specialization, contemporary culture is thoroughly reliant on experts. The idea of expertise serves as a mechanism for

Invention as a Social Act

The act of inventing relates to the process of inquiry, to creativity, to poetic and aesthetic invention.Building on the work of rhetoricians, philosophers, linguists, and theorists in other

Gatewatching: Collaborative Online News Production

Overall, this book charts the current state of play in the area of online gatewatching, open news, and participatory journalism, and provides the tools to analyse and classify the various forms of online publishing in this field.

Internal Rhetorics: Toward a History and Theory of Self-Persuasion

Since its early history in Greek culture, traditional rhetorical study has focused primarily on persuasive language used in the public sphere. There has been little study, however, of what Jean

Multiperspectival news revisited: Journalism and representative democracy

  • H. Gans
  • Sociology, Political Science
  • 2011
Thirty years ago, I published an ethnographic study of four mainstream national news organizations entitled Deciding What’s News (Gans, 2004 [1979]). In a final chapter devoted to news policy, I