Network architecture and traffic flows: Experiments on the Pigou-Knight-Downs and Braess Paradoxes

@article{Morgan2009NetworkAA,
  title={Network architecture and traffic flows: Experiments on the Pigou-Knight-Downs and Braess Paradoxes},
  author={John Morgan and Henrik Orzen and Martin Sefton},
  journal={Games and Economic Behavior},
  year={2009},
  volume={66},
  pages={348-372}
}
This paper presents theory and experiments to investigate how network architecture influences route-choice behavior. We consider changes to networks that, theoretically, exhibit the PigouKnight-Downs and Braess Paradoxes. We show that these paradoxes are specific examples of more general classes of network change properties that we term the “least congestible route” and “size” principles, respectively. We find that technical improvements to networks induce adjustments in traffic flows. In the… CONTINUE READING
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