Network analyzer measurements of spin transfer torques in magnetic tunnel junctions

  title={Network analyzer measurements of spin transfer torques in magnetic tunnel junctions},
  author={Lin Xue and Chen Wang and Yong-Tao Cui and Jordan A. Katine and Robert A. Buhrman and Daniel C. Ralph},
  journal={Applied Physics Letters},
We demonstrate a simple network-analyzer technique to make quantitative measurements of the bias dependence of spin torque in a magnetic tunnel junction. We apply a microwave current to exert an oscillating spin torque near the ferromagnetic resonance frequency of the tunnel junction’s free layer. This produces an oscillating resistance that, together with an applied direct current, generates a microwave signal that we measure with the network analyzer. An analysis of the resonant response… 

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