Nettle‐feeding nymphalid butterflies: temperature, development and distribution

  title={Nettle‐feeding nymphalid butterflies: temperature, development and distribution},
  author={Simon R. Bryant and Chris D. Thomas and Jeffrey S. Bale},
  journal={Ecological Entomology},
1. Four nymphalid butterflies, Aglais urticae L., Inachis io L., Polygonia c‐album L. and Vanessa atalanta L., share the same primary host plant, Urtica dioica L., but have different margins to their U.K. and European ranges. Their developmental responses to a series of constant temperatures were measured. 

Understanding gregariousness in a larval Lepidopteran: the roles of host plant, predation, and microclimate

Abstract.  1. Many moth and butterfly larvae are gregarious early in development, but become solitary in late instars. This ontogenetic variation in behaviour is probably the result of temporal

Marginal range expansion in a host‐limited butterfly species Gonepteryx rhamni

1. The British distribution of the butterfly Gonepteryx rhamni (L.) follows closely the range of its natural host plants, Rhamnus catharticus L. and Frangula alnus Miller, suggesting that it is one

Thermal ecology of gregarious and solitary nettle-feeding nymphalid butterfly larvae

The combination of behavioural thermoregulation and gregariousness in larval insects has important implications for voltinism patterns and range extension (via increased development rates) as a result of changes in cloud cover as well as changes in temperature.

The influence of thermal ecology on the distribution of three nymphalid butterflies

Summary 1 Studies have shown that many adult and immature insects are able to maintain body temperature well above, and often independently of, ambient temperature in the presence of direct solar

Comparison of development and growth of nettle-feeding larvae of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera) under constant and alternating temperature regimes

Differences in development rates at constant and cycling temperatures may have important implications for degree-day (linear) population models, which are used in bath pest management and ecological studies.

Host plant growth characteristics as determinants of abundance and phenology in jumping plant‐lice on downy willow

1. Salix lapponum host plants at an upper altitudinal site differed significantly in size, structural density, phenology, growth performance, and spatial isolation from those growing at a lower site.

The nature of migration in the red admiral butterfly Vanessa atalanta: evidence from the population ecology in its southern range

The migrant Vanessa atalanta occurs throughout Europe and North Africa in autumn and in the spring, the northern range is recolonised by migrants from the south, and the dynamics of the species in the winter range is poorly known.

Plasticity of the thermal developmental reaction norms in the european peacock butterfly Inachis io (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae)

Under all thermal regimes, the pupae were lighter under the short-than long-day photoperiod, but under the 18-h daylight regime, larval development was less thermolabile and characterized by a lower thermal threshold than under the shorter or longerPhotoperiod.

Effects of temperature on the development of an arctic Collembola (Hypogastrura tullbergi).

Embryonic development, juvenile moulting and growth rates, and maximum size of the arctic collembolan Hypogastrura tullbergi were investigated in laboratory experiments, suggesting that a higher proportion of individuals reached the adult stage in an earlier instar at 15 than at 10 °C.

The geographical range structure of the Holly Leaf-miner. III. Cold hardiness physiology

The thermal tolerances of a phytophagous insect, the Holly Leaf-miner, were investigated to determine whether these contribute to the high levels of miscellaneous larval mortalities that play an important role in determining the local abundances of this species across its geographical range.



Effects of changing photoperiods in the life cycle regulation of the comma butterfly, Polygonia c‐album (Nymphalidae)

Abstract. 1. Regulation of adult reproductive diapause and seasonal polyphenism was studied in two populations of the comma butterfly, Polygonia c‐album (L.) (Nymphalidae), from Stockholm, Sweden,

Basking behaviour in larvae of the butterfly Euphydryas aurinia

The body temperatures of basking Euphydryas aurinia Rott. (Nymphalidae) larvae were measured using thermistor probes under field conditions. These showed that basking larvae could elevate their body

Seasonal plasticity in life history traits: growth and development in Polygonia c-album (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)

Results suggest that development times are not normaily minimized in temperate butterflies unless this is enforced by direct development and protandry, and there is thus scope for a high degree of adaptive plasticity in growth- and developmental rates which may devalue the basic trade-offs assumed by life-history theory and account for inconsistencies with its predictions.

Developmental rate of Acyrthosiphon pisum (Homoptera : Aphididae) at low temperatures : implications for estimating rate parameters for insects

Alternative methods for estimating a developmental threshold and degree-day requirement were developed based on the parameters of a nonlinear equation that probably are adequate in pest management and validated by comparing methods for 21 diverse species of insects.

Effect of photoperiod and temperature on the life‐cycle of different populations of the peacock butterfly Inachis io

The variation in response to photoperiod and temperature of different populations of the peacock butterfly, Inachis io (L.) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), was investigated to test the extent to which

The Ecology of butterflies in Britain

The evolutionary history of British butterflies and its role in conservation is illustrated with case studies in evolution.

Improved Rate Model of Temperature-Dependent Development by Arthropods

Two improvements to the Logan model of temperature-dependent development were proposed, first eliminated a redundant parameter then incorporated an intercept parameter, thereby resolving the inability of the original model to estimate a low-temperature developmental threshold.

Adult feeding time, lipid accumulation, and overwintering in Aglais urticae and Inachis io (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)

Fresh weight is correlated with survival time suggesting that a larger body size may enhance survival time if feeding time is restricted, and individuals feeding for 0-3 days began overwintering at significantly lower weights.

Temperature requirements of some aphids and their parasites

The rate of insect development depends upon the temperature to which the insects are exposed. For each species, the temperature below which no measurable development occurs is its threshold of