Net transfer of carbon between ectomycorrhizal tree species in the field

@article{Simard1997NetTO,
  title={Net transfer of carbon between ectomycorrhizal tree species in the field},
  author={Suzanne W. Simard and David A. Perry and Melanie D. Jones and David D. Myrold and Daniel M. Durall and Randy Molina},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1997},
  volume={388},
  pages={579-582}
}
Different plant species can be compatible with the same species of mycorrhizal fungi, and be connected to one another by a common mycelium,. Transfer of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus, through interconnecting mycelia has been measured frequently in laboratory experiments, but it is not known whether transfer is bidirectional, whether there is a net gain by one plant over its connected partner, or whether transfer affects plant performance in the field,. Laboratory studies using isotope… 
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TLDR
The view, transfer via a common mycorrhizal network (CMN), is that the evidence for this remains equi- paper itself, and that theEvidence for this remained equivocally important, however, there are difficulties Key words: Arbuscular myCorrhiza, carbon, common in quantifying the amounts of resource transferred via mycor Rhizal Network, ectomycorrhiza.
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TLDR
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TLDR
Differences were detected in the water transfer patterns indicated by the deuterium and fluorescent dye tracers, suggesting that the two labels are transported by different mechanisms in the same hyphae and/or that different fungal taxa transfer them via different routes to host plants.
Absence of carbon transfer between Medicago truncatula plants linked by a mycorrhizal network, demonstrated in an experimental microcosm.
TLDR
It is concluded that carbon was transferred from the donor to the receiver plant via the AM fungal network, but that the transferred carbon remained within the intraradical AMfungal structures of the receiver's root and was not transferred to the receivers' plant tissues.
Mycorrhizas transfer carbon in a mature mixed forest
TLDR
It is shown that closely related trees shared relatively more mycorrhizal fungi than distantly related trees in the same experimental site, which correlated to increased carbon sharing.
Share the wealth: trees with greater ectomycorrhizal species overlap share more carbon.
TLDR
Belowground carbon transfer is well orchestrated by the evolution of EMFs and tree symbiosis, and phylogenetically more closely related tree species exhibited more similar EMF communities and exchanged more carbon.
Epiparasitic plants specialized on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
TLDR
It is shown that non-photosynthetic plants associate with AMF and can display the characteristic specificity of epiparasites, which suggests that AMF mediate significant inter-plant carbon transfer in nature.
Nitrogen Transfer Within and Between Plants Through Common Mycorrhizal Networks (CMNs)
TLDR
Two-way N-transfer warrants further investigation with many species and under field conditions, and the lack of convincing data underlines the need for creative, careful experimental manipulations.
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It is shown using autoradiography that transfer of carbon between plants connected by VA mycorrhizal mycelium occurs primarily by the direct hyphal pathway and the magnitude of the transfer is strongly influenced by shading of ‘receiver’ plants indicating that movement is governed by source–sink relationships.
THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE VEGETATIVE MYCELIUM OF ECTOMYCORRHIZAL PLANTS .1. TRANSLOCATION OF C-14-LABELED CARBON BETWEEN PLANTS INTERCONNECTED BY A COMMON MYCELIUM
It is increasingly evident that in natural plant communities the vegetative mycelia of ectomycorrhizal fungi can form networks of hyphal interconnections which link the root systems of their host
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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