Nerol: An alarm substance of the stingless bee,Trigona fulviventris (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

  title={Nerol: An alarm substance of the stingless bee,Trigona fulviventris (Hymenoptera: Apidae)},
  author={L. K. Johnson and D. F. Wiemer},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
Bees of the genusTrigona and subgenusTrigona possess volatile materials in their mandibular glands, used as alarm substances and as marking pheromones. Heads of workers ofTrigona fulviventris were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The two major volatile components were nerol (∼ 50%), and octyl caproate (∼ 20%). Relative to other substances tested at a Costa Rican nest, treatments containing 20 μg of nerol attractedT. fulviventris, depressed numbers of bees leaving the nest by… Expand
(S)-2-Heptanol, the alarm pheromone of the stingless bee Melipona solani (Hymenoptera, Meliponini)
It is determined that the mandibular glands serve as the reservoir of the alarm pheromone of the stingless bee Melipona solani and that (S)-2-heptanol was the active compound involved in the alarm response of this species. Expand
Mandibular glands of stingless bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae): Chemical analysis of their contents and biological function in two species ofMelipona
Workers ofMelipona fasciata andM. interrupta triplaridis respond to their respective mandibular gland extracts with alarm recruitment and defensive behavior. Workers rapidly exit from the nestExpand
A stingless bee uses labial gland secretions for scent trail communication (Trigona recursa Smith 1863)
There is strong evidence that in Trigona recursa these pheromones originate from the labial glands, which are well developed in the heads of foragers. Expand
Chemical Ecology of Stingless Bees
  • S. Leonhardt
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of Chemical Ecology
  • 2017
It is suggested that stingless bees provide an ideal subject for studying how functional context and the need for species specificity may interact to shape pheromone diversification in social insects. Expand
Selective preying of the sphecid wasp Trachypus boharti on the meliponine bee Scaptotrigona postica: potential involvement of caste‐specific cuticular hydrocarbons
The specialist digger wasp Trachypus boharti Rubio‐Espina preys exclusively on males of the stingless bee Scaptotrigona postica Latreille 1807, although the hunting attacks involve both male andExpand
An unusual recruitment strategy in a mass-recruiting stingless bee, Partamona orizabaensis
Partamona’s quick recruitment system that does not rely on conspicuous scent marks has evolved as a strategy against competition with sympatrically occurring and more aggressive bee species. Expand
Secretions of stingless bees: cephalic secretions of two Frieseomelitta species.
The first electroantennographic studies on stingless bees, using hexane extracts of heads of both species, have demonstrated a response in the workers' antennae to these, as well as to the pure compounds 2-heptanol and 2-nonanol. Expand
Terpenoid-Induced Feeding Deterrence and Antennal Response of Honey Bees
It is demonstrated that the synthetic Nasonov pheromone and its terpenoid constituents citral, nerol, and geraniol could alter feeding behavior in a laboratory assay and electroantennogram assays revealed that these terpenoids elicited some response in the antennae. Expand
Alarm substances of the stingless bee,Trigona silvestriana
2-Nonanol, 2-heptanol, octyl decanoate, and octyl octanoate were identified from the heads of Trigona silvestriana workers and elicited angular flights, landing, and buzzing of guard bees. Expand
Defensive behavior of honey bees: organization, genetics, and comparisons with other bees.
Comparisons between A. mellifera and other species of Apis, as well as with allodapine, halictine, bombine, and meliponine bees, illustrate the wide variety of evolutionary solutions to problems in colony defense in the Apoidea. Expand


Alarm response of foraging Trigona fulviventris (Hymenoptera: Apidae) to mandibular gland components of competing bee species.
Small amounts of chemical substances were ap plied at a sugarwater bait where workers from a colony of Tr?gona fulviventris fulviventris Gu?rin were foraging. The bees showed no response to almondExpand
Citral in stingless bees: isolation and functions in trail-laying and robbing.
Citral is identified as the probable key factor responsible for the successful robbing activities of L. limao workers and the role of exocrine products which are employed as allomones by robbing bees and ants is discussed. Expand
Sting Glands in Stingless Bees: A Vestigial Character (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
Since Apis mellifera lose their stings as a result of use of the sting in defense, the authors suggest that new methods of defense evolved which do not exact a heavy toll of the colony. Expand
On the basis of detailed studies of both the morphology and function of the sting apparatus of the honeybee and related aculeate Hymenoptera, Rietschel (1937) came to the conclusion that this anti-individualistic function is not a mere vestige of a formerly beneficial function, as considered by some previous writers. Expand
Reactions of five species of stingless bees to some volatile chemicals and to other species of bees
The conclusion is that bees probably learn to recognize the odour of other species that rob from their nests, and that the pheromones of the robbing species are allomones that recruit the victims to the defence of the nest. Expand
Volatile cephalic substances of the stingless bees, Trigona mexicana and Trigona pectoralis
Abstract Extracts of the heads of the stingless bees, Trigona mexicana and T. pectoralis , contain mixtures of compounds that are identifiable by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. TheseExpand
The alarm behaviour from the mandibular gland secretion in the antCremastogaster scutellaris
Two different manifestations of alarm behavioursensu stricto are distinguished in Cremastogaster scutellaris, where the former type of alarm is released by exhibiting the worker's abdominal secretion, whereas the latter alarm is induced by pheromones from the mandibular gland. Expand
Chemical Releasers of Social Behavior. VIII. Citral in the Mandibular Gland Secretion of Lestrimelitta limao (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Melittidae)
The mandibular glands of the stingless bee Lestrimelitta limao secrete a volatile terpenoid which has been identified as citral, and the probable functions of citral are discussed in relation to the biology of L. limao. Expand
Nasonov pheromone of the honey bee,Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
Two new components have been identified, nerol and (E,E)-farnesol, and the presence of components proposed previously has been confirmed, Absolute amounts or relative proportions of components in the pheromonal secretion have been determined. Expand
Social Insect Pheromones: Their Chemistry and Function
Alarm pheromones have been identified chiefly in three subfamilies of ants and their distribution appears to be chemosystematically significant. Expand