Neptune in America: Negotiating a Discovery

  title={Neptune in America: Negotiating a Discovery},
  author={John G. Hubbell and Robert William Smith},
  journal={Journal for the History of Astronomy},
  pages={261 - 291}
The discovery of the planet Neptune from the Berlin Observatory in 1846 by J. G. Galle and H. d'Arrest as a direct result of the calculations of the French mathematical astronomer U. J. J. Leverrier is one of the best known events in the history of science. The happenings in England surrounding the discovery, including John Couch Adams's mathematical researches which had led him to results very similar to Leverrier's by essentially the same methods, have recently drawn renewed attention. I But… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The letters of John Herschel that concern the discovery of the planet Neptune have not been greatly discussed by historians of science. I have transcribed these in the course of archiving the British
An Hiatus in History: The British Claim for Neptune's Co-Prediction, 1845–1846: Part 1
The planet Uranus was discovered in 1781 by William Herschel, as a byproduct of a systematic sky-survey of the brighter stars; and, once he had reported his observation (of what he thought be a
Le Verrier’s Planet
The motion of Uranus had already nagged at astronomers for decades, and by the mid-1840s had become, if not a crisis of gravitational theory, at least “a worrisome anomaly at the very heart of
Historical Overview: The United States and Astronomy Until the 1860s
Astronomy as an amateur recreation was entrenched in much of Western Europe by the eighteenth century, where there were the financial means, the knowledge base, the manufacture of tools and the
Clashing Interests: The Cambridge Network and International Controversies
James Challis’s search from the Cambridge University Observatory for the postulated planet beyond Uranus erupted in debates and controversies in Britain and beyond once the planet had been
John Couch Adams: mathematical astronomer, college friend of George Gabriel Stokes and promotor of women in astronomy
  • D. Krajnović
  • Physics
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A
  • 2020
John Couch Adams predicted the location of Neptune in the sky, calculated the expectation of the change in the mean motion of the Moon due to the Earth’s pull, and determined the origin and the orbit
10. Anton Pannekoek as a Pioneer in the Sociology of Knowledge
Thirty years after the publication of Pannekoek’s 1953 paper on the history of the discovery of Neptune, it was cited as an early forerunner of the strong programme in the Sociology of Scientif ic
The contrivance of Neptune
Celebrating 170th anniversary of the discovery of Neptune, I review the story of the discovery that startled the world. The story is an interplay of scientific triumph and human weakness and an
By How Much Did Le Verrier Err on the Position of Neptune?
The planet Neptune was discovered on 23 September 1846, following the calculations of Le Verrier. This study is about the way the predictive performance of the French astronomer was numerically
Peirce’s Cosmopolitan Thought
Peirce, like his father before him, was proud of his American heritage and was convinced of his fitness to stand shoulder to shoulder with scientists and philosophers from any place or time. Yet, as


The Cambridge Network in Action: The Discovery of Neptune
I MOURN OVER THE LOSS to England and to Cambridge of a discovery which ought to be theirs every inch of it, but I have said enough about it to get heartily abused in France, and I don't want to get
William Lassell and the Ring of Neptune: A Case Study in Instrumental Failure
William Lassell (1799-1880) was one of the foremost British amateur astronomers of the nineteenth century (see Figure 1). Self-taught and highly motivated, he belonged in the words of John Herschel
Scientific Discoveries and the End of Natural Philosophy
Recent sociological studies of scientific discovery have challenged the assumption that such discoveries are easily identifiable processes which take place in the mind of heroic discoverers. In this
Mid-nineteenth-century American astronomy: Science in a developing nation
Summary Many mid-nineteenth-century American astronomers who added little or nothing to the advancement of knowledge nevertheless merit attention for their efforts to advance science in a developing
The mass of Neptune
The spectrum of the pregalactic density field is evaluated from a variety of astronomical data and it is found that for linear scales r > 10h −1 Mpc the Baugh and Efstathiou (1993) spectrum of galaxy distribution gives the best fit to the data at all depths.
The New Planet.
ALL that was stated positively in the note on M. Baldet's diameter of the new planet was that his conclusion that its diameter was only 1500 km. if its albedo was taken as 0.15 was erroneous. His
Science in the Federal Government a History of Policies and Activities to 1940
From the Constitutional Convention of 1787 to the onset of World War II, Dupree shows how federal involvement in science centered on key national interests--geographical exploration and expansion,
The writer really shows how the simple words can maximize how the impression of this book is uttered directly for the readers.