Nephrotoxic aspects of cyclosporine.

Over the last 20 years cyclosporine (CsA) has improved the survival of kidney, heart, and liver transplants. However, with increasing use, evidence has accumulated that CsA therapy carries a variety of side effects, the most important being renal toxicity. CsA can lead to a wide spectrum of renal function impairments, including a marked and rapidly… (More)