Neonicotinoid pesticide reduces bumble bee colony growth and queen production.

@article{Whitehorn2012NeonicotinoidPR,
  title={Neonicotinoid pesticide reduces bumble bee colony growth and queen production.},
  author={Penelope R. Whitehorn and Stephanie O'Connor and Felix L. Wackers and Dave Goulson},
  journal={Science},
  year={2012},
  volume={336 6079},
  pages={
          351-2
        }
}
Growing evidence for declines in bee populations has caused great concern because of the valuable ecosystem services they provide. Neonicotinoid insecticides have been implicated in these declines because they occur at trace levels in the nectar and pollen of crop plants. We exposed colonies of the bumble bee Bombus terrestris in the laboratory to field-realistic levels of the neonicotinoid imidacloprid, then allowed them to develop naturally under field conditions. Treated colonies had a… CONTINUE READING

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GUT-BACTERIA SYMBIOSIS IN INSECT PESTS

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Acknowledgments: We thank Agralan, UK for providing the bumble bee colonies, C. Brown for assisting with field work, and J. Minderman for statistical advice

C. H. Krupke, G. J. Hunt, B. D. Eitzer, K. G. Andino
  • PLoS ONE 7,
  • 2012
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