Neonicotinoid insecticides translocated in guttated droplets of seed-treated maize and wheat: a threat to honeybees?

  title={Neonicotinoid insecticides translocated in guttated droplets of seed-treated maize and wheat: a threat to honeybees?},
  author={Jana E. Reetz and Sebastian Zuehlke and Michael Spiteller and Klaus Wallner},
The immune system of bees is influenced by a diversity of factors, some of which have changed in the last 10 years such as the application of pesticides. In addition to pollen, nectar and dust, guttated water of seed-dressed plants might be a new source of contamination to bees. Our experiments demonstrated that guttated water of plants germinated from seeds dressed with neonicotinoids contains neonicotinoids. Maize seeds treated with clothianidin (Poncho® 0.5 mg/seed and Poncho® Pro 1.25 mg… CONTINUE READING
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