Neonatal dexamethasone induces premature microvascular maturation of the alveolar capillary network.

Postnatal glucocorticoid treatment of preterm infants was mimicked by treating newborn rats with dexamethasone (0.1-0.01 microg/g, days 1-4). This regimen has been shown to cause delayed alveolarization. Knowing that microvascular maturation (transformation of double- to single-layered capillary networks in alveolar septa) and septal thinning prevent… CONTINUE READING