Neonatal Encephalopathy: Need for Recognition of Multiple Etiologies for Optimal Management

  title={Neonatal Encephalopathy: Need for Recognition of Multiple Etiologies for Optimal Management},
  author={Saima Aslam and Tammy Strickland and Eleanor J. Molloy},
  journal={Frontiers in Pediatrics},
Neonatal encephalopathy (NE) is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Factors predisposing to NE can be antenatal, perinatal, or a combination of both. Antenatal maternal factors, familial factors, genetic predisposition, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, infections, placental abnormalities, thrombophilia, coagulation defects, and metabolic disorders all have been implicated in the pathogenesis of NE. At present, therapeutic hypothermia is the only treatment available, regardless of… 

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