Neighborhoods and violent crime: a multilevel study of collective efficacy.

@article{Sampson1997NeighborhoodsAV,
  title={Neighborhoods and violent crime: a multilevel study of collective efficacy.},
  author={R. J. Sampson and S. Raudenbush and F. Earls},
  journal={Science},
  year={1997},
  volume={277 5328},
  pages={
          918-24
        }
}
  • R. J. Sampson, S. Raudenbush, F. Earls
  • Published 1997
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • Science
  • It is hypothesized that collective efficacy, defined as social cohesion among neighbors combined with their willingness to intervene on behalf of the common good, is linked to reduced violence. This hypothesis was tested on a 1995 survey of 8782 residents of 343 neighborhoods in Chicago, Illinois. Multilevel analyses showed that a measure of collective efficacy yields a high between-neighborhood reliability and is negatively associated with variations in violence, when individual-level… CONTINUE READING
    Neighborhood inequality, collective efficacy, and the spatial dynamics of urban violence
    • 1,582
    • PDF
    Systematic Social Observation of Public Spaces: A New Look at Disorder in Urban Neighborhoods1
    • 2,045
    • PDF
    The neighborhoods they live in: the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent outcomes.
    • 2,885
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    Cultural Mechanisms and the Persistence of Neighborhood Violence1
    • 351
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    Neighborhood disadvantage and adult depression
    • 672

    References

    Publications referenced by this paper.
    SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES
    American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass.
    • 5,792
    Growing Up in Poor Neighborhoods: How Much Does It Matter?
    • 399
    Alpha factor analysis
    • 423
    Social Sources of Delinquency
    • 406
    : Disorder and Decline: Crime and the Spiral of Decay in American Neighborhoods
    • 727
    A key finding from past research is that many delinquent gangs emerge from unsupervised spontaneous peer groups [F. Thrasher, The Gang: A Study of 1,313 Gangs in Chicago (Univ
    • 1958
    Am. J. Sociol
    • 1989