Neighborhood inequality, collective efficacy, and the spatial dynamics of urban violence

@article{Morenoff2001NeighborhoodIC,
  title={Neighborhood inequality, collective efficacy, and the spatial dynamics of urban violence},
  author={Jeffrey D. Morenoff and Robert J. Sampson and Stephen Raudenbush},
  journal={Criminology},
  year={2001},
  volume={39},
  pages={517-558}
}
Highlighting resource inequality, social processes, and spatial interdependence, this study combines structural characteristics from the 1990 census with a survey of 8,872 Chicago residents in 1995 to predict homicide variations in 1996–1998 across 343 neighborhoods. Spatial proximity to homicide is strongly related to increased homicide rates, adjusting for internal neighborhood characteristics and prior homicide. Concentrated disadvantage and low collective efficacy—defined as the linkage of… 

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