Neighborhood disadvantage, disorder, and health.

  title={Neighborhood disadvantage, disorder, and health.},
  author={Catherine Ross and John Mirowsky},
  journal={Journal of health and social behavior},
  volume={42 3},
  • C. RossJ. Mirowsky
  • Published 1 September 2001
  • Psychology
  • Journal of health and social behavior
We examine the question of whether living in a disadvantaged neighborhood damages health, over and above the impact of personal socioeconomic characteristics. We hypothesize that (1) health correlates negatively with neighborhood disadvantage adjusting for personal disadvantage, and that (2) neighborhood disorder mediates the association, (3) partly because disorder and the fear associated with it discourage walking and (4) partly because they directly impair health. Data are from the 1995… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Neighborhood Social Conditions Mediate the Association Between Physical Deterioration and Mental Health

Findings suggest that upstream interventions designed to improve neighborhood conditions as well as proximal interventions focused on social relationships, may promote well-being.

Do work commutes moderate the association between perceived neighborhood disorder and psychological distress?

ABSTRACT Although numerous studies show that living in a neighborhood that is characterized by disorder (crime and dilapidation) can be psychologically distressing, very few studies have considered

Health Disparities in a Diverse County: Investigating Interactions between Residents and Neighborhoods

This study evaluated the associations of individual and neighborhood level risk factors with physical health, mental health, and stress in a diverse urban county and found that neighborhood level measures of the social and built environment were not associated with the health outcomes under study after controlling for neighborhood level income and education.

Social Cohesion and Self-Rated Health: The Moderating Effect of Neighborhood Physical Disorder

Results indicate that neighborhood disorder is negatively associated with health and the relationship is explained by perceived cohesion and danger, which are both also significant predictors of health.

Neighborhood contextual influences on depressive symptoms in the elderly.

The authors found no evidence that access to services hypothesized to promote social engagement, to provide health services, or to affect the reputation of a neighborhood explained (i.e., mediated) neighborhood variations in depressive symptoms.

Neighborhood disorder, psychological distress, and heavy drinking.


Walking, exercising, and smoking: does neighborhood matter?

  • C. Ross
  • Economics
    Social science & medicine
  • 2000

The contingent meaning of neighborhood stability for residents' psychological well-being

nities and the individuals who live in them, and may be especially beneficial in poor neighborhoods. In contrast, a social isolation perspective proposes that neighborhood stability has negative

A new look at urban alienation : The effect of neighborhood disorder on perceived powerlessness

Using data from the 1995 survey of Community, Crime and Health, a representative sample of 2,482 adults in Illinois age 18 to 92 (with linked data on respondents' census tracts), we find that urban

Fear of victimization and health

Fear of victimization may have consequences for subjective well-being. I develop and test a model linking fear of victimization to subjective health. I hypothesize that two processes link fear to

Neighborhood environments and coronary heart disease: a multilevel analysis.

Living in deprived neighborhoods was associated with increased prevalence of coronary heart disease and increased levels of risk factors, with associations generally persisting after adjustment for individual-level variables.

Fear of Crime and Neighborhood Change

  • W. Skogan
  • Law, Psychology
    Crime and Justice
  • 1986
Crime rates and the quality of life do not necessarily change in direct response to changes in the physical and social characteristics of neighborhoods. Developments that have an indirect effect on

Health psychology: what is an unhealthy environment and how does it get under the skin?

This review explores the role of environments in creating chronic and acute health disorders and considers chronic stress/allostatic load, mental distress, coping skills and resources, and health habits and behaviors as classes of mechanisms that address how unhealthy environments get "under the skin," to create health disorders.

Ecological assessments of community disorder: Their relationship to fear of crime and theoretical implications

Three ecological methods of measuring community disorder are presented and results linking different measure of disorder with fear, and individual and aggregated demographics with fear inform theories about fear of crime and extend research on the impact of community social and physical disorder.

Community-level socioeconomic status effects on adult health.

  • S. Robert
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of health and social behavior
  • 1998
This research suggests that improving individual-level and family-level socioeconomic circumstances may be the more direct way to improve the health of individuals, but that understanding the community context in which a person lives may also ultimately be important to improving health.

The links between education and health.

It is concluded that high educational attainment improves health directly and it improves health indirectly through work and economic conditions, social-psychological resources, and health lifestyle.