Negotiated peace for extortion: the case of Walikale territory in eastern DR Congo

@article{Garrett2009NegotiatedPF,
  title={Negotiated peace for extortion: the case of Walikale territory in eastern DR Congo},
  author={Nicholas Garrett and Sylvia Sergiou and Koen Vlassenroot},
  journal={Journal of Eastern African Studies},
  year={2009},
  volume={3},
  pages={1 - 21}
}
Abstract War in the Democratic Republic of Congo has increasingly been explained as a means to get access to natural resources and as a strategy to get control over informal trading networks linking the DRC with global markets. In most of these accounts, the complexity of war economies is underestimated. One element that is often missing is that systems of economic exploitation, which have been developed by armed groups during the Congolese war, tend to persist in the post-conflict context and… Expand
Post-war Conflict and the Market for Protection: The Challenges to Congo's Hybrid Peace
This article seeks to deepen the debate about violent war-to-peace transitions through a comparative case study between two rebel movements that became integrated in considerably different ways inExpand
New political order in the DR Congo? the transformation of regulation
It has been said repeatedly: the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) remains only a shadow of its former self, a typical case of state failure and collapse. Closer observation suggests aExpand
Carrying a Piece of Congo in Our Pockets: GlobalComplicity to Congo’s Sexual Violence and theConflict Minerals Trade
Inside the North Kivu Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is the vast and remote Walikale territory. Walikale has been the scene of much fighting during the current armed conflict inExpand
Terr(it)or(ies) of Peace? The Congolese Mining Frontier and the Fight Against “Conflict Minerals”
This article traces the geography of the “conflict minerals” campaign and its impact on artisanal mining in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, a region that currently emerges as a pioneerExpand
Army reconstruction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo 2003–2009
Since the peace agreements of 2002–2003 which ended the second war in the Democratic Republic of Congo, reconstruction of the army has been an inherently political process, in common with otherExpand
Regulation, taxation and violence: the state, quasi-state governance and cross-border dynamics in the Great Lakes Region
The conflicts that have plagued the Great Lakes Region during the last 20 years are domestic and regional at the same time, with considerable inputs and outputs across national borders. As elsewhereExpand
Why History Repeats Itself in Eastern DR Congo Why History Repeats Itself in Eastern DR Congo
Observers of ten agree that ‘history repeats itself ’[1] in Eastern Congo – f rom the slavery condit ions imposed by Belgian King Leopold over Mobutu’s predatory state, to today’s armed milit ias.Expand
Taxation, Stateness and Armed Groups: Public Authority and Resource Extraction in Eastern Congo
This contribution analyses the role of taxation in the constitution of authority in the conflict-ridden eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, where a multitude of authorities alternately competeExpand
Débrouillardise: certifying ‘conflict-free’ minerals in a context of regulatory pluralism in South Kivu, DR Congo*
Abstract This article explores the relationship between transnational governance initiatives for ‘conflict-free’ certification in the eastern provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)Expand
Borderlands, Identity and Urban Development: The Case of Goma (Democratic Republic of the Congo):
This paper challenges traditional studies that explore border sites from a central or capital city perspective. Focusing on expressions of identity in the border city of Goma, it illustrates how theExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 114 REFERENCES
THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
The armed conflict in the DRC has been characterised by appalling, widespread and systematic human rights violations. It varies from civil war to a war between national armies. Much of the conflictExpand
The Clandestine Political Economy of War and Peace in Bosnia
Most contemporary intrastate military conflicts have a criminalized dimension: In various ways and to varying degrees they use smuggling networks and criminal actors to create and sustain theExpand
From war economy to peace economy? Reconstruction and statebuilding in Afghanistan
Winning the peace in Afghanistan depends in no small part on international and domestic efforts to transform the war economy into a peace economy. Based on international experience, this is unlikelyExpand
Warlords as alternative forms of Governance
Warlord is a label that currently besets us on all fronts. The 2001–2002 military action in Afghanistan is illustrative of the West's ambivalent view of armed factions in the developing world inExpand
War and the commons: Assessing the changing politics of violence, access and entitlements in Sri Lanka
Abstract There are two antagonistic, but equally influential traditions in the study of the nexus between resource use and violent conflict. One works through a Malthusian frame linking resourceExpand
The political ecology of war: natural resources and armed conflicts
Throughout the 1990s, many armed groups have relied on revenues from natural resources such as oil, timber, or gems to substitute for dwindling Cold War sponsorship. Resources not only financed, butExpand
The economic functions of violence in civil wars (special issue)
The persistence and brutality of contemporary civil wars have left many analysts puzzled. Traditional interpretations describe civil wars as simple confrontations between two sides, as explosions ofExpand
Try Again, Fail Again, Fail Better? War, the State, and the 'Post-Conflict' Challenge in Afghanistan
This article investigates the challenges currently facing Afghanistan. It argues that ‘post–conflict’ peace and reconstruction in Afghanistan may depend on a dramatic expansion of institutionalizedExpand
Natural Resources and Civil War: An Overview with Some Policy Options
This paper summarizes recent research on how natural resources contribute to violent conflict. Resource dependence promotes civil war in four ways: by harming a country’s economic performance; byExpand
From war economy to peace economy
The dearth of empirically-based research on the war economy. Policies have frequently been based on limited data and questionable assumptions. The paucity of quantitative and qualitative data on theExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...