Negative self-efficacy and goal effects revisited.

  title={Negative self-efficacy and goal effects revisited.},
  author={A. Bandura and Edwin A. Locke},
  journal={The Journal of applied psychology},
  volume={88 1},
The authors address the verification of the functional properties of self-efficacy beliefs and document how self-efficacy beliefs operate in concert with goal systems within a sociocognitive theory of self-regulation in contrast to the focus of control theory on discrepancy reduction. Social cognitive theory posits proactive discrepancy production by adoption of goal challenges working in concert with reactive discrepancy reduction in realizing them. Converging evidence from diverse… 
Self-Regulation of Goals and Performance: Effects of Discrepancy Feedback, Regulatory Focus, and Self-Efficacy
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This commentary addresses the functional properties of perceived self-efficacy in the context of a set of studies contending that belief in one’s capabilities has debilitating or null effects. It
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Self-efficacy is a construct which has been found to influence individuals’ performance and coping abilities, enhancing motivation and facilitating goal-setting, decision-making, academic
Adolescence is a time of growing, learning, adventuring, scoring and dreaming. It is the period where individuals dig within themselves and try to find out their own abilities based on their
Revisiting the Functional Properties of Self-Efficacy
This paper is a response to Bandura’s 2012 Guest Editorial, which defends the functional properties of self-efficacy by criticizing published studies that have demonstrated a negative relationship
The moderating effects of performance ambiguity on the relationship between self-efficacy and performance.
The study evaluates key mediating processes underlying the relationship between self-efficacy and performance, finding support for the role of performance perceptions and effort allocation and suggesting potential means of inhibiting the negative self- efficacy effects.
Demand-Perception and Self-Motivation as Opponent Processes
This article attempts to move beyond the contradictions regarding the motivational effects of self-efficacy. Self-efficacy beliefs are viewed as the conscious reflection of an implicit process of
Substantive and Relational Outcomes of Self-efficacy in Organizational Conflicts
Although some organizational studies have found a positive relation between self-efficacy and performance, recent research has shown that high self-efficacy could be dysfunctional in mixed motive


Differential engagement of self-reactive influences in cognitive motivation
The changing signs in the relationships among self-efficacy, personal goals, and performance.
The common interpretation of the positive correlation among self-efficacy, personal goals, and performance is questioned and conditions likely to affect the sign of the relationship are focused on.
Self-Efficacy, Personal Goals, and Wrestlers’ Self-Regulation
Goal theory (Locke & Latham, 1990) and social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986) converged on a single model describing the relationships among prior performance, self-efficacy, personal goals, and
Understanding Persistence: An Interface of Control Theory and Self-Efficacy Theory
Two current views of behavioral self-regulation (self-efficacy theory and control theory) were tested in a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial design. Ninety-six undergraduate students were exposed to high and low
Role of self-efficacy and self-concept beliefs in mathematical problem solving: A path analysis.
Path analysis was used to test the predictive and mediational role of self-efficacy beliefs in mathematical problem solving. Results revealed that math self-efficacy was more predictive of problem
Self-efficacy and perceived control: cognitive mediators of pain tolerance.
  • M. Litt
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1988
The cold-pressor task was used with 102 female undergraduates in 2 experiments to determine (a) whether self-efficacy has validity as a true causal determinant of behavior change or is a correlate of
Analysis of self-efficacy theory of behavioral change
This article reports the findings of two experimental tests of self-efficacy theory of behavioral change. The first study investigated the hypothesis that systematic desensitization effects changes
Two studies examining the negative effect of self-efficacy on performance.
2 studies are presented to confirm the causal role of self-efficacy and substantiate the explanation for the negative relationship when the analysis is done across time (repeated measures) rather than across individuals.
Microanalysis of action and fear arousal as a function of differential levels of perceived self-efficacy.
The generality of the relationship between perceived coping inefficacy and stress reactions is corroborated and the hypothesis that self-percepts of efficacy operate as cognitive mediators of coping behavior and fear arousal is supported.
Relation of self-efficacy expectations to academic achievement and persistence.
This study examined the relation of self-efficacy beliefs to subjects' persistence and success in pursuing science and engineering college majors. Subjects were 42 students who participated in a