Nonlinear physics of electrical wave propagation in the heart: a review.
Scroll waves are vortices that occur in three-dimensional excitable media. Scroll waves have been observed in a variety of systems including cardiac tissue, where they are associated with cardiac arrhythmias. The disorganization of scroll waves into chaotic behavior is thought to be the mechanism of ventricular fibrillation, which lethality is widely known. One of the possible mechanisms of scroll wave instability is negative filament tension, which was studied theoretically using low-dimensional models of excitable medium. In this article we perform a numerical study of negative filament tension using the Luo-Rudy phase 1 model, which is widely used in cardiac electrophysiology. We show that this instability exists in this model, study its manifestation and discuss its relation to cardiac arrhythmogenesis.