Negative effects of changing temperature on amphibian immunity under field conditions

  title={Negative effects of changing temperature on amphibian immunity under field conditions},
  author={Thomas R. Raffel and J{\"u}rgen Rohr and Joseph M. Kiesecker and Peter J. Hudson},
1. Recent evidence of the important role of emerging diseases in amphibian population declines makes it increasingly important to understand how environmental changes affect amphibian immune systems. 2. Temperature-dependent immunity may be particularly important to amphibian disease dynamics, especially in temperate regions. Changes in temperature are expected to cause deviations away from optimal levels of immunity until the immune system can respond. 3. To test whether temperature changes… CONTINUE READING


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