Negative Pressures and Spallation in Water Drops Subjected to Nanosecond Shock Waves.

@article{Stan2016NegativePA,
  title={Negative Pressures and Spallation in Water Drops Subjected to Nanosecond Shock Waves.},
  author={Claudiu A Stan and Philip R. Willmott and Howard A Stone and Jason E Koglin and Mengning Liang and Andrew L Aquila and Joseph S. Robinson and Karl L. Gumerlock and G. Blaj and Raymond G. Sierra and S{\'e}bastien Boutet and Serge Guillet and Robin Curtis and Sharon Vetter and Henrik Loos and James L. Turner and Franz Josef Decker},
  journal={The journal of physical chemistry letters},
  year={2016},
  volume={7 11},
  pages={
          2055-62
        }
}
Most experimental studies of cavitation in liquid water at negative pressures reported cavitation at tensions significantly smaller than those expected for homogeneous nucleation, suggesting that achievable tensions are limited by heterogeneous cavitation. We generated tension pulses with nanosecond rise times in water by reflecting cylindrical shock waves, produced by X-ray laser pulses, at the internal surface of drops of water. Depending on the X-ray pulse energy, a range of cavitation… CONTINUE READING
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