Negative Emotion Enhances Memory Accuracy

@article{Kensinger2007NegativeEE,
  title={Negative Emotion Enhances Memory Accuracy},
  author={Elizabeth A. Kensinger},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  year={2007},
  volume={16},
  pages={213 - 218}
}
  • E. Kensinger
  • Published 1 August 2007
  • Psychology, Biology
  • Current Directions in Psychological Science
There have been extensive discussions about whether emotional memories contain more accurate detail than nonemotional memories do, or whether individuals simply believe that they have remembered emotional experiences more accurately. I review evidence that negative emotion enhances not only the subjective vividness of a memory but also the likelihood of remembering some (but not all) event details. I then describe neuroimaging evidence suggesting that engagement of emotion-processing regions… 

Figures from this paper

Remembering the Details: Effects of Emotion
  • E. Kensinger
  • Psychology, Biology
    Emotion review : journal of the International Society for Research on Emotion
  • 2009
TLDR
The behavioral evidence for arousal's focal enhancements of memory are outlined and the neural processes that may support those focal enhancements are described, to suggest that these focal enhancements occur more often for negative experiences than for positive ones.
Emotion's influence on memory for spatial and temporal context
TLDR
The data suggest that emotion does not just bias participants to believe they have a vivid memory; rather, the arousal elicited by an event can benefit memory for some types of contextual details.
Emotion enhances the subjective feeling of remembering, despite lower accuracy for contextual details.
TLDR
The results indicate a double-dissociation between the subjective feeling of remembering, and the objective memory accuracy for details of negative and neutral scenes, which shows that the enhanced subjective recollective experience for negative stimuli does not reliably indicate greater objective recollection.
Emotional content enhances true but not false memory for categorized stimuli
TLDR
It is suggested that when emotional and neutral stimuli are equivalently high in thematic relatedness, emotion continues to improve true memory, but it does not override other types of grouping to increase false memory.
BRIEF REPORTS Elevated False Recollection of Emotional Pictures in Young and Older Adults
Current theories predict opposing effects of emotionally arousing information on false memory. If emotion enhances true recollection, then false recollection might be lower for emotional than for
Memory for time and place contributes to enhanced confidence in memories for emotional events.
TLDR
It is found that, over time, more participants correctly remembered the location where they learned about the terrorist attacks on 9/11 than any other canonical feature, and participants' confidence was higher in their memory for location versus other canonical features.
Echoes of Emotions Past: How Neuromodulators Determine What We Recollect
TLDR
It is proposed that arousal-related locus coeruleus-norepinephrine (LC-NE) system activation promotes the prioritization of the most salient features of an emotional experience in memory, which may drive lower-level sensory cortical activity and a stronger sense of recollection for arousing events.
Inferential false memories for emotional events
The research that is described in the present dissertation is motivated by two general questions. First, it investigates whether inference-based false memories are less likely for emotional than
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 26 REFERENCES
Cognitive neuroscience of emotional memory
TLDR
Cognitive neuroscientists have begun to elucidate the psychological and neural mechanisms underlying emotional retention advantages in the human brain, revealing new insights into the reactivation of latent emotional associations and the recollection of personal episodes from the remote past.
Remembering emotional events
TLDR
A small role for retention interval is indicated in moderating emotion's effects on memory, however, emotion had markedly different impacts on different types of material: Emotion improved memory for gist and basic-level visual information and for plot-irrelevant details associated, both temporally and spatially, with the event’s center.
Emotional Arousal and Memory Binding: An Object-Based Framework
  • M. Mather
  • Psychology, Biology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2007
TLDR
Evidence for both arousal-impaired and arousal-enhanced memory binding is reviewed and contradictory findings using an object-based framework, which helps predict which aspects of emotional memories are likely to be accurate and which aspects arelikely to be misremembered.
Memory and emotion.
1. Memory for emotional events 2. The neuroanatomy of emotional memory in humans 3. The biopsychology of trauma and memory 4. Forgetting trauma? 5. Selective memory effects in anxiety disorders: an
Human emotion and memory: interactions of the amygdala and hippocampal complex
  • E. Phelps
  • Psychology, Biology
    Current Opinion in Neurobiology
  • 2004
Amygdala Activity Is Associated with the Successful Encoding of Item, But Not Source, Information for Positive and Negative Stimuli
TLDR
The results are the first to demonstrate that the amygdala can be equally engaged during the successful encoding of positive and negative items but that its activity does not facilitate the encoding of all contextual elements present during an encoding episode.
Effects of emotion on memory specificity in young and older adults.
TLDR
To examine how emotional content affects the amount of visual detail remembered, young and older adults study neutral, negative, and positive objects and showed enhanced specific recognition for negative (not positive) objects.
Divergent trajectories in the aging mind: changes in working memory for affective versus visual information with age.
TLDR
This study examined age differences in working memory for emotional versus visual information and demonstrated that, despite an age-related deficit for the latter, workingMemory for emotion was unimpaired.
...
1
2
3
...