Needle-free vaccine delivery.

  title={Needle-free vaccine delivery.},
  author={Gideon F. A. Kersten and Hoang J H B Hirschberg},
  journal={Expert opinion on drug delivery},
  volume={4 5},
The need for minimally invasive delivery methods is urgent. As the number of registered vaccines increases, so does the number of injections. The use of sharps can be unsafe and needle immunisation is less suitable for mass immunisations during emergencies such as pandemics or bioterrorist attacks. The approach of combining vaccines has limitations due to high development costs, risk of pharmaceutical or immunological interference and economic risks. Advancements in the development of… CONTINUE READING

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