Nectar robbing, forager efficiency and seed set : Bumblebees foraging on the self incompatible plant Linaria vulgaris (Scrophulariaceae)

@article{Stout2000NectarRF,
  title={Nectar robbing, forager efficiency and seed set : Bumblebees foraging on the self incompatible plant Linaria vulgaris (Scrophulariaceae)},
  author={J C Stout and J. Allen and D. Goulson},
  journal={Acta Oecologica-international Journal of Ecology},
  year={2000},
  volume={21},
  pages={277-283}
}
In southern England, Linaria vulgaris (common yellow toadflax) suffers from high rates of nectar robbery by bumblebees. In a wild population of L. vulgaris we found that 96 % of open flowers were robbed. Five species of bumblebee were observed foraging on these flowers, although short-tongued species (Bombus lapidarius, B. lucorum and B. terrestris) robbed nectar whilst longer-tongued ones behaved as legitimate pollinators (B. hortorum and B. pascuorum). Nectar rewards were highly variable; on… Expand
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